2011ASLA学生奖{2}住宅设计荣誉奖: Portable Herb Handbook

2017-04-10 13:29:10来源:http://www.gooood.hk/_d273308566.htm作者:网络收集人点击

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 “我们可以说,景观设计师的终生目标和工作就是帮助人类。使人,建筑物,社区,城市以及他们的生活,同生活的地球和谐相处。”  学生奖第二集是住宅设计荣誉奖Portable herb handbook – therapeutic estates of container,便携药草书—为集装箱住宅设计的药草花园。来自来自中国同济大学的学生团队:齐昕  张盼盼  涂雪莹 冯家琪 高于俊。   “振奋人心并具有创造力。为中低收入者考虑了一种所需求的尊严而健康的生活方式。它们为此做了大量的调研。让人难以忘怀。”2011ASLA学生奖评审  ———————   非常感谢齐昕  张盼盼  涂雪莹 冯家琪 高于俊将他们的作品与gooood分享Appreciation towards Qi Xin, Zhang Panpan, Tu Xueying, Gao Yujun, Feng Jiaqi for providing the following description:

  便携药草书—为集装箱住宅设计的药草花园宝山区,上海,中国便携式景观 这个项目为住在集装箱中的外来务工家庭提供了可移动的“药草书”。她是通过为集装箱构建药草的装置来实现的。在现场调查和采访的基础上,这个项目的宗旨在于方便人们任何的时间都可以用草药进行日常医疗同时增加景观建设同时提高居住水平。另外,为了满足外来务工人员经常搬家的需求,这个药草书通过集成在集装箱上所以可以随着家庭随时的搬走。用这种新的可变的设计,集装箱社区从死气沉沉的空地转变成了生动的药草花园,提高外来务工人员的生活水平。  背景介绍在上海的宝山区,这里有大量的外来务工家庭。因为宝山区作为上海的工业区有大量的待建设土地需要大量的工人。于此同时,宝山因为有很多的码头所以这里也有很多的集装箱。所以外来务工家庭住在集装箱中已成为了一种普遍的现象。一方面,外来务工家庭无法担负起住在上海的高昂费用。另一方面集装箱的可移动性也符合了外来务工家庭的频繁搬家的特性。基地地址基地的地址坐落在宝山区的杨行工业园区,其园区的面积为18511平方米。场地是居住用地和修车厂的复合用地。修车厂修的是附近工厂的卡车,这里住的是修车的工人和附近工地的工人。这里有42户外来务工家庭住在集装箱中。现状和问题在场地的调研中我们发现这个居住区的环境非常糟糕。一,这里的粉尘比较大。二,这里没有好的景观。三,这里的工人们每天都超负荷劳动。四,他们的家属生活无聊,找不到工作无所事事。五,孩子们经常被场地中的尖锐物所刺伤。设计过程和展望为了改善现状,我们需要重建场地景观,但是这个景观需要时临时性的因为所有的场地都是待建设用地随时有可能被建设而且这些外来务工家庭迟早会搬到别的地方。第二,我们需要为他们提供一些健康方面的护理来缓解他们的压力并为他们治伤。第三,我们需要为他们的妻子找些事情做来度过他们无聊的生活。我们的可移动药草书因为拥有以下的一些特性可以同时解决所有的这些问题。可移动性由于外来务工家庭不能通过常规的手段来进行种植因为他们要经常搬家。这个装置集成在集装箱上这样保证了他可以和这个家庭一起随时移动。这个装置只有4页,每页只有2.3*2*0.35。但是它在植物种类和季相上都是相当丰富的。这个装置拥有17种植物可以医治不同种类的很多病比如说感冒,胃痛,止血。而且他对人们的日常保养和护理也有很大的帮助。所有这些药草不仅有治疗的作用而且都有很好的景观效果。他们通过在不同的季节展现不同的景观使得整个装置变成了一个可变的药草花园。可治疗性所有的这些草药都有他们独特的医治功能。他们可以从头到脚的治疗一些常见的疾病同时可以从里到外的调养人体提升我们的机能。这些草药就种在房子的外面,他们可以随时的采摘到而且这些草药是非常廉价的。趣味性通过调查发现所有的外来务工家庭到来自于农村地区,他们习惯了耕种的生活。然而当他们来到上海时,妻子们很难找到工作所以就呆在家里无所事事。然后拥有了这个可变的药典妻子们可以有效地利用他们的时间,他们的生活将不再无聊。同时创造的景观也让老人和孩子受益植物选择我们的种植概念来源于中国传统的中医。药典的每一页服务于一个季节。不同页上的不同植物可以医治不同季节的常见病。比如说,夏天那一页上所有的草药都是夏天采摘的而且他们都对夏天的一些常见病要很好的疗效比如说清热。朝向为了确定朝向我们进行了光照的研究通过研究,我们计算出了太阳最大辐射量的平均角度。然后这个药典可以允许整个集装箱朝向任意的角度只要保证拥有正反两面的书页朝向那个平均角度。这样和平均角度相垂直的另外两个书页就可以得到最大的太阳辐射量了。但是在实际的应用中,书页开合的角度会被一些不可知的因素所限制,所以我们计算出了角度所允许的范围值。我们所允许的最小角度,就是另外两个书页分别朝向夏季太阳最大辐射角和冬季太阳最大辐射角。广泛性的应用虽然这个项目的分析和研究是基于杨行工业园区的这个地块所做的。我们也对其他闲置地上面的住在集装箱中的外来务工家庭进行了大量的采访。大部分的家庭住在废品收购站和待建设的工业用地中。所有的场地拥有一个共同的特点——场地上缺乏景观,场地中的人经常会搬家,家里的劳动力劳动强度很大但是家里有闲置劳动力家里的妻子没用工作。药典可以解决这些普遍性的问题。所以可移动的药典可以再外来务工家庭中进行推广,因为她有着可移动,可治病,丰富性和有趣的特点。 来自: 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院08级本科景观专业小组成员:齐昕  张盼盼  涂雪莹 冯家琪 高于俊   Project Title: Portable herb handbook – therapeutic estates of containerProject Location: Baoshan, Shanghai, ChinaProject Type:  Portable and therapeutic landscape  Project Statement:  This project provides a portable herb handbook for migrant families who live in containers. Based on the survey and poll of the local folk, this project is aimed to provide migrants with a timely supply of medicine, to create a seemly landscape pattern and to improve the life quality more effective. Moreover, to fit the frequent migration of those families, the herb handbook can be easily relocated with the container entity anywhere as an entirety. With this new style Portable herb handbook, the containers community where the migrant families live in becomes an animate herb yard rather than a stagnant vacant lot. Besides that, the migrant families benefit much by saving money on medicines and enjoy a lot of fun in planting activity. Project Narrative:  BackgroundIn Baoshan District of Shanghai, multitudes of migrant families stay in this industrial zone with abundance of land ready to be explored. What’s more, Baoshan has all long been booming in shipment industry which results in a great quantity of deserted containers along the docks. So it is quite common that many migrant families chose to those containers as proper homes which they prefer to live in. When asked about their point of views, they may refer that house price in Shanghai isn’t affordable and living in containers could be a preferable choice. Additionally, the characteristic of containers which is portable might suit the frequent migration of those families.Project LocationThe project is located at Yangxing Industrial Area in Baoshan District, Shanghai, with an area of 18511 square meters. Around the site, there are a number of car repair plants serving the nearby factories, some transportation company with a lot of containers and two food shop. The people living in the containers in the site mostly work in the nearby places. The total figure of the families in this site is approximately 42 or more. Current Situation & ProblemsDuring spot investigations we found that the condition in these poor quarters was really terrible. They are all day long wreathed by industrial mist and dust without any green in site, let along pleasant landscape. In addition, the workers are suffering from demanding work load while other family members (like worker’s wife or parents) have nothing to do but do housework day after day. Moreover, children are easily scratched by the sharp objects in this site.Design Program & IntentIn order to improve the situation, we need to reconstruct the landscape of the site. There are three pressing problems for us to solve. Firstly, the site is meant to be temporary as the site might be used for construction at any time and the migrant families will move to another place sooner or later. Secondly, we need to enhance the daily healthcare consciousness and make them have easy access to everyday medical treatment. Thirdly, we need to help the rear members of the family to find something to do during their boring daytime. Our Portable herb handbook solves these problems altogether with the following characteristics.PortableDue to frequent migration, traditional methods of planting won’t work for the migrant families. The project makes the herb handbook integrated in the container, which allows the herb handbook to move with the families at any time to anywhere. RichThere are only four pages in this Portable herb handbook with each page shaped in only 2.3 meters high, 2.0 meters long and 0.35meters wide. However the handbook is pretty rich in both plant species and seasonal view. The herb handbook holds 17 plant species treating several kinds of diseases such as colds, stomachache, and bruise as well as effectively regularizing body quality. All these plants are also contributing to beautiful landscape, which gives seasonal changes to the Portable herb handbook with various functions.Therapeutic All these herbal medicines have their own therapeutic features. They can treat common diseases head to toes and improve our physique. Since all these herbal medicines are planted just outside the containers, they can be easily procured in time at low prices.EnjoyableBecause of the unpleasant environment outside, there are almost no activities. The portable herb handbook creates a vibrant space for each container. For personal level, it enriches the idle life of rear members of family, provides an ideal place for people to relax outside and offers safer and interesting mini-playground for children. For community level, more communication opportunities are generated when more people are willing to active outside. They may have some common topic on herbs planting, health preserving and so on. Additionally, the portable herb handbook would change the old appearance of the vacant lot and make contribution to the whole city landscape.Plant SelectionOur planting list is derived from rudimental traditional Chinese medicine, which is like a common sense rooted in most of Chinese people’s mind, especially in rural areas. In plant selection, we trend to choose herb which is familiar to people and easy to grow. Moreover, each page of the portable herb handbook serves for a season. Different plants on different pages aim at the seasonal current disorders. For example, all the medicinal herbs on the summer page are plants maturing in the summer and helpful in dealing with several summer disorders such as eliminate excessive heat.OrientationsSun study was done to determine the orientation. From this study, we calculated the average angle that the sunshine irradiate while maximizing the level of radiation. Then the herb handbook allows the containers to be placed in any direction, only requiring that the double-page is placed towards the average angle. In this way, we can make sure that the other two pages are perpendicular to the double-page, and obtain the maximum level of radiation. Supposing there will be unexpected limits in practice, we calculated the range of the angle. Generally speaking, one of the other two pages which is perpendicular to the double-page should form an angle that allows the sunshine to provide the maximum level of radiation in summer, while the other one should form an angle that allows the sunshine to provide the maximum level of radiation in winter. Application in Other SitesBesides the analysis and research for this project was largely based on the site of Yangxing industrial zone, we also did investigation on migrant families in other vacant lots. Most of those families are living in containers which are always located in sites just like construction sites or junk file. Most of the families shared several features—living with bad environment conditions, lack access to pleasant landscape, poor daily healthcare and unstable residence. As the portable herb handbook is designed to overcome all these common problems, it can become a widespread container partner for migrant families because of its portable, therapeutic, and enjoyable.     This site is a vacant lot in Yangxing industrial area of Shanghai with 42 families living in containers.场地:上海这个工业区空地上生活着42户姓杨的家庭。   This site, located in Baoshan District of Shanghai, China, which is closed to Yangtze River, is an ideal international transport haven. In our investigation, the migrant families who live in the containers are not fixed. The upper picture shows the migration situation of seven typical residents in the site in recent years.这里位于上海宝山区,长江旁边的工业码头附近。他们的住所也在场地内进行着小规模搬迁。    Portable Herb Handbook: Resident Interview实地勘探   Portable Herb Handbook: Concept Formation 1概念成型1   Portable Herb Handbook: Concept Formation 2概念成型2    Portable Herb Handbook : Shape Formation — Step 1 Find a right place for each herb according to the average length of its Plant Height and the radius of Root Soil Ball in the coordinate system. Then the plants are divided into four types of considering the size of Plant Heights and Root Soil Ball. Step 2 Create four different plant spaces for herbs. Step 3 Use the different space types to create the shape of planting slots.形状的演化:1—每种草药找到合适的位置—根据株高,土球大小分成四种类型。2为这四种类型植物创建空间。3 根据所需空间,创建出种植槽的形状。    Portable Herb Handbook: Structure and Material — Material intention comes from rattan basket, which is always used when picking herbs.材料和结构。材料的意向来自于采草药时常常使用的藤篮。   Portable Herb Handbook: Land Utilization土地利用  

 Portable Herb Handbook: Orientations Analysis朝向分析   Portable Herb Handbook: Herb Harvest Time中药采收时间   Portable Herb Handbook: Medicine Function in Each Season每个季节的功效   Spring / Summer春夏   Fall / Winter秋冬   Portable Herb Handbook: The Journey of the Handbook — When container is on the way. On the site, our open handbook promotes the vigor of the community. On the road, the plantform truck with container brings green to the city, just like a moving garden. Our handbook makes people's life colorful and healthier.在场地上静止打开时,为生活带来活力。当在公路上移动时,就像一座移动的花园为城市带来绿色。这些手册,让人们的生活丰富多彩,健康。   Portable Herb Handbook: Prospective未来   Portable Herb Handbook: Plant List植物名录

         MORE:  齐昕 张盼盼 涂雪莹 冯家琪 高于俊 Qi Xin, Zhang Panpan, Tu Xueying, Gao Yujun, Feng Jiaqi

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