2011ASLA学生奖{1}通用设计杰出奖:Tempelhof Wasserpark

2017-04-10 13:34:03来源:http://www.gooood.hk/_d273170906.htm作者:网络收集人点击

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    2011ASLA学生奖开场。随后专业奖也将拉开序幕。 有一席老话,在此再次提及:“我们可以说,景观设计师的终生目标和工作就是帮助人类。使人,建筑物,社区,城市以及他们的生活,同生活的地球和谐相处。” 第一集是通用设计组杰出奖,来自宾夕法尼亚大学已毕业学生Johanna F. Barthmaier的作品。Tempelhof  Wasserpark    ——————-  “该想法对未来意义深远。形式优雅的利用一个废弃机场处理污染物。这里不光收集水,还治理污水。” 2011ASLA学生奖评审   项目说明德国柏林因为暴雨造成许多不能被地下基础设施容纳的地表水。而Tempelhof机场提供了一处城市开放型雨水滞留地。这是地表水的新管理形式,暴雨产生的地表径流将在这里停留,吸收,过滤,用于灌溉。设计形体很像是一个折出痕的纸飞机,雨水收集后可以在里面流动。不同的天气,滞留的地表水呈现出不同的进程,这将展现给游客以及当地水文学者。  项目详解背景与历史项目选址在欧洲德国柏林北部冰川湖和沼泽地貌区的一个机场,这里是温带季节性气候,年降雨次数达到120次。因为冰川时代的遗留地貌原因,这里的地下水位非常高,并且深度超过16米。高地下水位使得城市基础设施不能处理暴雨地表径流。在这种情况下,城市的水文情形是严峻的。位于是市中心南侧的Tempelhof机场,在二战时由纳粹建立,后来被美军在冷战时期用于制裁拦截俄罗斯的货物。柏林墙倒塌后,这里变成了一个商业机场,在2010年这里因为经济原因被关闭,变成了一个城市公共空间。通过公共交通非常容易到达这里,机场毗邻土耳其低收入区以及城市活力区。场地4公里的圆形机场被用于城市公共空间,可容纳即兴的大型节目和活动。50年代美国人为了应对东西向强风设置了大型跑道,德国纳粹绕整个场地修了一圈圆形跑道,并与中小学入口相连。背面的候机楼是世界上最大的建筑物之一。机场南侧与花园社区还有高速路连接。由于没有排水口和蓄水池,场地的东西部常常被淹。核算场地的不透水地面面积以及年降雨量得出,城市需要比现有场地大三倍的空间才能消解此处的水滞留。计划利用这个城市的开放空间,以一种新的雨水管理方式进行暴雨管理,对地表径流进行滞留,吸收,过滤,灌溉。通过场地的地形让雨水流动,利用本地植物将其过滤干净,低处的干净水域用于泳池。不同的地貌创造出不同的斜度,同时提供了休闲,滑雪,远足还有滑水梯池的区域。不同的天气,滞留的地表水呈现出不同的进程,这将展现给游客以及当地水文学者。形式这个设计基于一个类似纸飞机折痕的模块,水在其中被收集以及流动。重新调整场地的高程,让场地表面形成一个特定的弯曲过滤池,通过三个地貌步骤进行过滤水。第一过滤池与机场及市中心相连。第二滤池,这里使用了特定的植物以回滤过滤,使水质可以足够清洁进行游泳。最后一组是天然泳池系统,搭配上特定植物以维持清洁。每个池之间的地貌有效防止水相互蔓延。这纸飞机的形式也形成了一系列的浮动甲板,遮阳区,观景区。人们可以在这里方便的游泳,教育以及维护。环境和社会影响。力求创建一个抵制洪水和污染的可持续的水储存,清洁系统。这是基于城市庞大水文系统之上的与社会紧密联系的休闲水上乐园。让城市与临近街区的结合更为紧密。同时这对访者起到了关于城市基础设施以及景观方面的教育作用。   非常感谢设计方Johanna F. Barthmaier将她的作品与gooood分享(英文文字同美国景观协会奖项说明)。Appreciation towards Johanna F. Barthmaier for providing the following description:      “This is the kind of monumental thinking that will make a mark in the future. The form is elegant and it deals with contaminants from a decommissioned airfield site. It's more than just collecting water, it's treating the pollution.”—2011 Student Awards Jury   Project StatementBerlin, Germany lies close to the water table and with an overwhelming amount of annual rainfall, the city has more water than its infrastructure can handle. Tempelhof airport provides a clear open space inside the city to test a new form of water management in Berlin, where storm and ground waters are reserved, absorbed and filtrated through pools, plantings and landforms. A module based on the folds of a paper airplane helped generate the design, which allows water to move and collect throughout the site. Depending on the weather, the ephemeral movement of water sets the stage for unique programs to develop and informs visitors about the local hydrology.  Project NarrativeContext & HistoryThe project site is located in the European planes of Berlin, which are the northern glacial lake and swamp regions of Germany. The city has a temperate seasonal climate and receives over 120 rain and/or snow events per year. The glacial valley on which Berlin resides formed during the Ice Age and became a deposit for swamps and bogs flanked by the Havel and Spree lake chain. This created a very high ground water system measuring over 16 meters in depth. High ground waters combined with an immense amount of annual precipitation gives the city more water than it’s infrastructure can process. Under these circumstances, urban hydrology is taken very seriously, and in most cases storm water is captured in underground reservoirs or sewerized for processing.Tempelhof airport is located just south of the city center and is home to some of the richest history of World War II. Built up by the Nazi Party in the late 1930s, the airport was taken over after the war by the Americans for the Berlin Airlift, which delivered goods to West Berlin, now cut off by Russian forces. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Templhof functioned as a commercial airport until 2010 when it was shut down for economic reasons and turned into a public space for the city. Easily accessed by public transport, the airport site is bordered by low-income Turkish neighborhoods and the lively Kruezburg section of the city.SiteThe 4-kilometer circular airfield now serves as a public space for the city and hosts a large array of impromptu programs and events. Two large runways built by the Americans in the 1950s correspond to strong east and west wind conditions. There is a large deteriorated path system used during Nazi rule that encircles the site and connects to primary and secondary entrances. To the north is the airport terminal, one of the largest structures in the built world. To the south is a community of allotted gardens and an elevated highway connection. With no reservoir or outlet, the main east and west connections of the site create natural low points where the intake of storm water frequently floods the central valley of the airfield.Calculations of annual rainfall and the amount of impermeable surface on the site and within a 6-block radius, indicate that the city would need a space three times larger than the area of Tempelhof to facilitate and infiltrate the amount of water deposited.ProgramTempelhof airport provides a clear open space inside the city to test a new form of water management in Berlin, where storm and ground waters are reserved, absorbed and filtrated through pools, plantings and landforms. Landforms capture and alleviate storm water on the site and within a 6-block radius through a system of high and low points. Eventually, as the water is filtered through a variety of four-season native plantings, a clean, natural swimming pool series develops in the low areas of the landform. The rises in the landform create different vantage points of the site and provide areas for recreation like skiing, hiking and integrated water slides for the pools. Depending on the weather, the ephemeral movement of water around the design sets the stage for unique recreational programs (such as swimming, hiking, boating, ice skating, etc.) to develop and helps manage water while informing visitors about the local hydrology.FormA module based on the folds of a paper airplane helped generate the design, which allows water to move and collect throughout the site. It was adapted and positioned based on connections to low points in the existing topography, community gardens, a large cemetery and tree-lined boulevards that connect the airport to the city center. The faceted surfaces of the paper airplane were redefined into a system of pools of specific volumes and filled landforms to move water through a three-step filtration system. The pools associated with the first step of filtration are connected to a wetland/reservoir circling the main airfield. The second step of filtrating pools uses specific plantings and bank filtration to make the water clean enough for swimming. The last set of low areas consists of a natural swimming pool system that is dependent on plantings to maintain its cleanliness. Between each pool are landforms that prevent water from overflowing into the adjacent pools. The original paper airplane form also generated the form for a series of floating decks, shade covers and viewing areas used to facilitate swimming, education and maintenance.Environmental & Social Impact"Tempelhof Wasserpark" creates a primary sustainable system unique to Berlin where water is cleaned and stored in order to contain floods and pollutants. By combining this large urban hydrology system with a recreational water park, a popular social activity in Berlin, the design becomes a community binder for the city and adjacent neighborhoods. The airport is transformed into a living classroom granting the visitor access to the city's infrastructure as well as to ephemeral experiences within the landscape.Additional Project CreditsUniversity of PennsylvaniaMartin Rein Cano, Yadiel Rivera Diaz, Brian PayneThe class and critics of Tempelhof Studio  

 

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/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/9c818992b89b58253800c50665ea4f98.jpgBerlin Lake and Water Culture — The city of Berlin is surrounded by two lake chains, the Havel and the Spree, and boasts more than twenty natural and man-made lakes accessible by public transit. In the warmer months these bodies of water are an important part of Berlin’s recreational culture, attracting diverse crowds to swim and socialize.柏林的湖与水文化,柏林坐落在两个湖链,哈维尔和斯普雷河以及20多个人工或自然湖泊中。温暖的时候,这些水域是柏林休闲文化的重要组成部分,吸引了各种人们前往游泳和聚会。  /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/baab9bc08037793f764e79aad79edded.jpgHigh Ground Water and Storm Water Flooding — Because of its location in a swamp laden glacial valley, Berlin is under a constant threat from water-caused destruction. When combined with frequent storm events, the water table rises causing the city and nearby agriculture to flood. In most cases storm water is captured in underground reservoirs or sewerized for processing, but the system is frequently overwhelmed by large amounts of water. A new system that relies on capturing and filtering storm water can help alleviate this problem.因冰川遗留地貌,高地下水水位以及暴雨洪水让柏林处于不断被淹的威胁,常常在暴雨季节,城市农村被淹。暴雨径流只能通过地下水或sewerized消化,因此大面积被淹无法避免。一个新的雨水径流收集过滤系统可以解决这一问题。  /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/8bb0de8203dee406bd4d0268162c2648.jpgAnnual Rainfall Totals — The information collected from annual precipitation shows the amount of water that is present on and around Tempelhof airport throughout the year. With the amount of impermeable surface on the site and within a 6-block radius, the city would need a space three times larger than the area of Tempelhof to facilitate and infiltrate the amount of water deposit.年降雨总量—-核算场地的不透水地面面积以及年降雨量得出,城市需要比现有场地大三倍的空间才能消解此处的水滞留。

   /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/bd69a100d545c594265909236ff92de1.jpgThe Module Concept — The water collection module was inspired by the form of a paper airplane. With its faceted surfaces and folds, the light-hearted and historically contextual form was adapted into landforms to facilitate the movement and collection of water.模块概念—-这个设计灵感来自一个类似纸飞机的折痕,拼接各个表面和折叠,轻松的改变地形,达到水的收集以及流动。   /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/c58dbb3389daa6e973626dd022957058.jpgFunction of Water — The faceted surfaces of the paper airplane were redefined into a system of pools of specific volumes and filled landforms to move water through a three-step filtration system. Depending on the weather, the ephemeral movement of water around the design sets the stage for unique recreational programs to develop and helps manage water while informing visitors about the local hydrology.水的功能—-重新调整场地的高程,让场地表面形成一个特定的弯曲过滤池,通过三个地貌步骤进行过滤水。不同的天气,设计相应的休闲活动。而滞留的地表水呈现出不同的进程,有助于水文管理并将及时反映给当地水文学者。  /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/539304c938aafdeeaa994319d8d24e5a.jpgPhysical Model物理模型

 

 /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/080f209874650d5aa087cb7879b153cd.jpg   /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/3e8a1e184f47d1603b1bbf605dd1a6be.jpgSections — Water is moved and collected by landforms that define pools with hard and soft edges, acting as filter and overflow buffers. A series of floating decks, shade covers and viewing areas are used to facilitate swimming, education and maintenance.剖面—-通过地形定义驳岸的软硬,过滤去和溢出缓冲区。一系列的浮动甲板,遮阳区,观赏区有助于游泳,教育,维护。

 

 /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/fb6f1da16d8117456c49c4aee27dec2c.jpgIllustrative Plan — The park is easily accessible to the surrounding neighborhoods and is connected to several existing park systems, tree-lined boulevards and cemeteries. Existing conditions and new implemented wetlands on the outer portion of the park serve as a main catchment area for water before it enters the site.总体设计—有效的服务周围的居民区,并与现有公园系统,林应达到,墓地合并。外层区域作为其他区域的水进入这里的主要集水区。

 

 /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/1487f1b09b4a3f6cb08c839d4a3b8531.jpgNatural Swimming Pool and Water Park — The water park is nestled into the folds of the landforms with a deck system that provides comfortable and safe water recreation while allowing water to flow and filter underneath.天然游泳池和水上公园—-位于过滤系统下端的水上公园,其地形与甲板提供了舒适还有安全的水上休闲活动。 

 /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/37c7f84f39f35c67479642437f10b6fa.jpgTreatment Pools During Rain Event — The pools which are not part of the water park function as treatment zones and allow for many types of recreation such as boating, hiking. This area also consists of facilities for research and public education about hydrology and ecology.下雨时的处理—-也能展现水上公园功能的一部分,允许如划船,徒步等休闲活动。此外还为公众提供关于水文研究与生态教育的设施。

  /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/c39930201e6f4bb35444eda35da3ddf5.jpgTreatment Pools During Snow Event — As the pools freeze in colder months, the park transforms to facilitate winter recreational activities.下雪时的处理—-结冰后进行冬季休闲活动

 

 /wp-content/uploads/2011/12/52fa8fb15fd868eeefc44c55baf8a61e.jpgTreatment Pools for Education — The airport is transformed into a living classroom granting visitors access to the city’s hydrology as well as to ephemeral experiences within the landscape.教育意义—-乐于施教,游客参与其中进行水文和景观的体验。  

/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/a88bd2c510206ab803efdca8b4eb2d7b.jpgVariation of Program — The rises in the landform create different vantage points of the site, provide areas and paths for recreation like skiing, hiking and include integrated water slides for the pools. The variation of landscape creates both large-scale and intimate spaces for a diverse range of activities.高程—-通过制造不同的地貌为滑雪,徒步,水滑梯提供条件。形成大型却又亲密的多样化活动空间。

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