Android性能优化之Service

2018-01-13 11:03:33来源:https://juejin.im/post/5a30f2cc51882534af25f2bd作者:稀土掘金人点击

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Service:是一个后台服务,专门用来处理常驻后台的工作组件。


即时通讯:service来做常驻后台


###1.核心服务尽可能地轻! 很多人喜欢把所有的后台操作都集中在一个service里面。 为核心服务专门做一个进程,跟其他的所有后台操作隔离。 树大招风,核心服务千万要轻。


####进程的重要性优先级:


前台进程:Foreground process

1.用户正在交互的Activity(onResume()) 2.当某个Service绑定正在交互的Activity 3.被主动调用为前台的Service(startForeground()) 4.组件正在执行生命周期的回调((onCreate() /onStart()/onDestory()) 5.BroadcastReceiver 正在执行onReceive();


可见进程:Visible process

1.我们的Activity处在onPause() (没有进入onStop()) 2.绑定到前台Activity的Service


#####服务进程:Service process 简单的startservice()启动


后台进程:Background process

对用户没有直接影响的进程-----Activity处于onStop()的时候


#####空进程 :Empty process 不含有任何的活动的组件。(android设计的,为了第二次启动更快,采取了一个权衡)


进程越往后越容易被系统杀死

###二、如何提升进程的优先级(尽量做到不轻易被系统杀死)


1.模仿QQ采取在锁屏的时候启动1个像素的Activity。
背景:当手机锁屏的时候什么都干死了,为了省电。
监听锁屏广播,锁了---启动这个1像素Activity。
监听锁屏的,开启---结束掉这个1像素Activity。
要监听锁屏的广播---动态注册。

关键代码:


public class KeepLiveActivityManager {
private static KeepLiveActivityManager instance;
private Context context;
private WeakReference<Activity> activityInstance;
public static KeepLiveActivityManager getInstance(Context context) {
if(instance==null){
instance = new KeepLiveActivityManager(context.getApplicationContext());
}
return instance;
}
private KeepLiveActivityManager(Context context) {
this.context = context;
}
public void setKeepLiveActivity(Activity activity){
activityInstance = new WeakReference<Activity>(activity);
}
public void startKeepLiveActivity() {
Intent intent = newIntent(context, KeepLiveActivity.class);
intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
context.startActivity(intent);
}
public void finishKeepLiveActivity() {
if(activityInstance!=null&&activityInstance.get()!=null){
Activity activity = activityInstance.get();
activity.finish();
}
}
}
public class KeepLiveActivity extends Activity {
private static final String TAG ="KeepLive" ;
@Override
protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
moveTaskToBack(true); //按home键不退出程序
Log.i(TAG,"KeepLiveActivity----onCreate");
Window window = getWindow();
window.setGravity(Gravity.LEFT|Gravity.TOP);
WindowManager.LayoutParams params =window.getAttributes();
params.height = 1;
params.width= 1;
params.x = 0;
params.y = 0;
window.setAttributes(params);
KeepLiveActivityManager.getInstance(this).setKeepLiveActivity(this);
}
@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
Log.i(TAG, "KeepLiveActivity----onDestroy!!!");
}
}
public class MyService extends Service {
@Nullable
@Override
public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
return null;
}
@Override
public void onCreate() {
super.onCreate();
ScreenListener listener = new ScreenListener(this);
listener.begin(new ScreenListener.ScreenStateListener() {
@Override
public void onScreenOn() {
//开屏---finish这个一像素的Activity
KeepLiveActivityManager.getInstance(MyService.this).finishKeepLiveActivity();
}
@Override
public void onScreenOff() {
//锁屏---启动一像素的Activity
KeepLiveActivityManager.getInstance(MyService.this).startKeepLiveActivity();
}
@Override
public void onUserPresent() {
}
});
}
}


#####源码地址: #####KeepLiveProcess


2.大型App运营商和手机厂商可能有合作关系---白名单
3.双进程守护
一个进程被杀死,另外一个进程又被他启动,相互监听启动。

A<---->B 杀进程是一个一个杀的,本质是和杀进程时间赛跑。 关键代码:


public class LocalService extends Service {
public static final String ACTION_LOCAL_SERVICE = "com.haocai.app.keepliveprocess.LocalService";
private static final String TAG = "LocalService";
private MyServiceConnection conn;
private MyBinder binder;
private Intent testIntent;
@Override
public void onCreate() {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onCreate();
if(binder ==null){
binder = new MyBinder();
}
conn = new MyServiceConnection();
}
@Nullable
@Override
public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
return binder;
}
@Override
public void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
if(testIntent!=null){
stopService(testIntent);
}
//unbindService(conn);
}
//启动前台进程 增加重要性优先级
@Override
public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
LocalService.this.bindService(new Intent(LocalService.this, RemoteService.class), conn, Context.BIND_IMPORTANT);
PendingIntent contentIntent = PendingIntent.getService(this, 0, intent, 0);
NotificationCompat.Builder builder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this);
builder.setTicker("360")
.setContentIntent(contentIntent)
.setContentTitle("我是360,我怕谁!")
.setAutoCancel(true)
.setContentText("hehehe")
.setWhen( System.currentTimeMillis());
//把service设置为前台运行,避免手机系统自动杀掉改服务。
startForeground(startId, builder.build());
return START_STICKY;
}
class MyBinder extends RemoteConnection.Stub{
@Override
public String getProcessName() throws RemoteException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
return "LocalService";
}
}
class MyServiceConnection implements ServiceConnection {
@Override
public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) {
Log.i(TAG, "建立连接成功!");
}
@Override
public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName name) {
Log.i(TAG, "本地服务被干掉了~~~~~断开连接!");
Toast.makeText(LocalService.this, "断开连接", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
//启动被干掉的
testIntent = new Intent();
//自定义的Service的action
testIntent.setAction(RemoteService.ACTION_REMOTE_SERVICE);
//自定义Service的包名
testIntent.setPackage(getPackageName());
Log.i("999", getPackageName() + "");
startService(testIntent);
LocalService.this.bindService(new Intent(LocalService.this, RemoteService.class), conn, Context.BIND_IMPORTANT);
}
}
}
public class RemoteServiceextends Service {
private static final String TAG = "RemoteService";
private MyBinder binder;
private MyServiceConnection conn;
public static final String ACTION_REMOTE_SERVICE = "com.haocai.app.keepliveprocess.RemoteService";
private IntenttestIntent;
@Nullable
@Override
public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
return binder;
}
@Override
public void onCreate() {
super.onCreate();
if(binder == null){
binder = new MyBinder();
}
conn = new MyServiceConnection();
}
@Override
public void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
//if(testIntent!=null){
//stopService(testIntent);
//}
//unbindService(conn);
}
//启动前台进程 增加重要性优先级
@Override
public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
RemoteService.this.bindService(new Intent(RemoteService.this, LocalService.class), conn, Context.BIND_IMPORTANT);
PendingIntent contentIntent = PendingIntent.getService(this, 0, intent, 0);
NotificationCompat.Builder builder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this);
builder.setTicker("360")
.setContentIntent(contentIntent)
.setContentTitle("我是360,我怕谁!")
.setAutoCancel(true)
.setContentText("hehehe")
.setWhen( System.currentTimeMillis());
//把service设置为前台运行,避免手机系统自动杀掉改服务。
startForeground(startId, builder.build());
return START_STICKY;
}
classMyBinder extendsRemoteConnection.Stub{
@Override
public String getProcessName() throws RemoteException {
return "RemoteService";
}
}
class MyServiceConnection implements ServiceConnection{
@Override
public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) {
Log.i(TAG,"RemoteService 建立连接成功!");
}
@Override
public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName name) {
Log.i(TAG,"远程服务被干掉了~~~~~断开连接!");
Toast.makeText(RemoteService.this,"断开连接",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
//启动被干掉的
testIntent = new Intent();
//自定义的Service的action
testIntent.setAction(LocalService.ACTION_LOCAL_SERVICE);
//自定义Service的包名
testIntent.setPackage(getPackageName());
Log.i("999",getPackageName()+"");
startService(testIntent);
RemoteService.this.bindService(new Intent(RemoteService.this, LocalService.class), conn, Context.BIND_IMPORTANT);
}
}
}


#####源码地址: #####KeepLiveProcess2


4.JobScheduler

把任务加到系统调度队列中,当到达任务窗口期的时候就会执行,我们可以在这个任务里面启动我们的进程。 这样可以做到将近杀不死的进程。


@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class JobHandleService extends JobService{
public static final String ACTION_JOB_HANDLE_SERVICE = "com.haocai.app.keepliveprocess.JobHandleService";
private int kJobId = 0;
@Override
public void onCreate() {
super.onCreate();
Log.i("INFO", "jobService create");
}
@Override
public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
Log.i("INFO", "jobService start");
scheduleJob(getJobInfo());
return START_NOT_STICKY;
}
@Override
public void onDestroy() {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onDestroy();
}
@Override
public boolean onStartJob(JobParameters params) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
Log.i("INFO", "job start");
//
scheduleJob(getJobInfo());
boolean isLocalServiceWork = isServiceWork(this, LocalService.ACTION_LOCAL_SERVICE);
boolean isRemoteServiceWork = isServiceWork(this, RemoteService.ACTION_REMOTE_SERVICE);
//
Log.i("INFO", "localSericeWork:"+isLocalServiceWork);
//
Log.i("INFO", "remoteSericeWork:"+isRemoteServiceWork);
if(!isLocalServiceWork||
!isRemoteServiceWork){
//this.startService(new Intent(this,LocalService.class));
startLocalService();
startRemoteService();
//this.startService(new Intent(this,RemoteService.class));
Toast.makeText(this, "process start", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
}
return true;
}
private void startLocalService(){
IntenttestIntent = new Intent();
//自定义的Service的action
testIntent.setAction(LocalService.ACTION_LOCAL_SERVICE);
//自定义Service的包名
testIntent.setPackage(getPackageName());
Log.i("999",getPackageName()+"");
startService(testIntent);
}
private voidstartRemoteService(){
Intent testIntent = new Intent();
//自定义的Service的action
testIntent.setAction(RemoteService.ACTION_REMOTE_SERVICE);
//自定义Service的包名
testIntent.setPackage(getPackageName());
Log.i("999", getPackageName() + "");
startService(testIntent);
}
@Override
public boolean onStopJob(JobParameters params) {
Log.i("INFO", "job stop");
//
Toast.makeText(this, "process stop", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
scheduleJob(getJobInfo());
return true;
}
/** Send job to the JobScheduler. */
public void scheduleJob(JobInfo t) {
Log.i("INFO", "Scheduling job");
JobScheduler tm =
(JobScheduler) getSystemService(Context.JOB_SCHEDULER_SERVICE);
tm.schedule(t);
}
public JobInfo getJobInfo(){
JobInfo.Builder builder = new JobInfo.Builder(kJobId++, new ComponentName(this, JobHandleService.class));
builder.setRequiredNetworkType(JobInfo.NETWORK_TYPE_ANY);
builder.setPersisted(true);
builder.setRequiresCharging(false);
builder.setRequiresDeviceIdle(false);
builder.setPeriodic(10);//间隔时间--周期
return builder.build();
}
/**
* 判断某个服务是否正在运行的方法
*
* @param mContext
* @param serviceName
*是包名+服务的类名(例如:net.loonggg.testbackstage.TestService)
* @return true代表正在运行,false代表服务没有正在运行
*/
public boolean isServiceWork(Context mContext, String serviceName) {
boolean isWork = false;
ActivityManager myAM = (ActivityManager) mContext
.getSystemService(Context.ACTIVITY_SERVICE);
List<RunningServiceInfo> myList = myAM.getRunningServices(100);
if (myList.size() <= 0) {
return false;
}
for (int i = 0; i < myList.size(); i++) {
String mName = myList.get(i).service.getClassName().toString();
if (mName.equals(serviceName)) {
isWork = true;
break;
}
}
return isWork;
}
}
<service
android:name=".JobHandleService"
android:permission="android.permission.BIND_JOB_SERVICE">
</service>

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