python中执行shell命令

2017-09-14 08:05:30来源:cnblogs.com作者:翟亮人点击

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sh是一个比subprocess好的库,能够执行shell命令

1.查看ip:

[root@iZj6cbstl2n6r280a27eppZ myblog]# ifconfig
eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
inet 172.31.253.193 netmask 255.255.240.0 broadcast 172.31.255.255
ether 00:16:3e:01:72:ac txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet)
RX packets 235322 bytes 231762359 (221.0 MiB)
RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0
TX packets 78402 bytes 15382388 (14.6 MiB)
TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0

用sh完成:

In [13]: from sh import ifconfig

In [14]: print ifconfig("eth0")
eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
inet 172.31.253.193 netmask 255.255.240.0 broadcast 172.31.255.255
ether 00:16:3e:01:72:ac txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet)
RX packets 236463 bytes 231849592 (221.1 MiB)
RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0
TX packets 79234 bytes 15505613 (14.7 MiB)
TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0

2.查看/app目录下的文件:

In [24]: print sh.ls("/app")
git-2.14.1 myblog pyinit.py v2.14.1.tar.gz

In [27]: sh.ls("-l", "/app")
Out[27]:
drwxrwxr-x 26 root root 24576 9?. 12 20:52 git-2.14.1
drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 9?. 13 21:53 myblog
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 273 9?. 12 20:43 pyinit.py
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6983655 9?. 12 20:48 v2.14.1.tar.gz

查看/app下有多少个文件:

In [28]: sh.wc(sh.ls("-l", "/app"), "-l")
Out[28]: 5

3. 将/app下的文件存到列表里:

In [42]: list=sh.glob('/app/*')

In [43]: list
Out[43]: ['/app/git-2.14.1', '/app/v2.14.1.tar.gz', '/app/pyinit.py', '/app/myblog']

4.管道:

In [45]: print(sh.sort(sh.du(sh.glob('/app/*'),'-shc'),'-rn'))
397M ?.?
378M /app/git-2.14.1
13M /app/myblog
6.7M /app/v2.14.1.tar.gz
4.0K /app/pyinit.py

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