火车票抢票代码公开揭秘

2018-01-13 10:59:31来源:oschina作者:闵开慧人点击

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火车票抢票代码公开揭秘

市场上很多火车票抢票软件大家应该非常熟悉,但很少有人研究具体是怎么实现的,所以觉得很神秘,其实很简单。下面使用Python模拟抢票程序,给大家揭秘抢票到底是怎么回事。


该代码仅供参考,主要用于大家沟通交流,禁止用于商业用途。


具体代码如下,可以修改成自己的12306用户名账号:


# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
@author: liuyw
"""
from splinter.browser import Browser
from time import sleep
import traceback
import time, sys
class huoche(object):
"""docstring for huoche"""
driver_name=''
executable_path=''
#用户名,密码
username = u"[email protected]"
passwd = u"xxxx"
# cookies值得自己去找, 下面两个分别是上海, 太原南
starts = u"%u4E0A%u6D77%2CSHH"
ends = u"%u592A%u539F%2CTYV"
# 时间格式2018-01-19
dtime = u"2018-01-19"
# 车次,选择第几趟,0则从上之下依次点击
order = 0
###乘客名
users = [u"xxx",u"xxx"]
##席位
xb = u"二等座"
pz=u"成人票"
"""网址"""
ticket_url = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/leftTicket/init"
login_url = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/login/init"
initmy_url = "https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/index/initMy12306"
buy="https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/confirmPassenger/initDc"
login_url='https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/login/init'

def __init__(self):
self.driver_name='chrome'
self.executable_path='/usr/local/bin/chromedriver'
def login(self):
self.driver.visit(self.login_url)
self.driver.fill("loginUserDTO.user_name", self.username)
# sleep(1)
self.driver.fill("userDTO.password", self.passwd)
print u"等待验证码,自行输入..."
while True:
if self.driver.url != self.initmy_url:
sleep(1)
else:
break
def start(self):
self.driver=Browser(driver_name=self.driver_name,executable_path=self.executable_path)
self.driver.driver.set_window_size(1400, 1000)
self.login()
# sleep(1)
self.driver.visit(self.ticket_url)
try:
print u"购票页面开始..."
# sleep(1)
# 加载查询信息
self.driver.cookies.add({"_jc_save_fromStation": self.starts})
self.driver.cookies.add({"_jc_save_toStation": self.ends})
self.driver.cookies.add({"_jc_save_fromDate": self.dtime})
self.driver.reload()
count=0
if self.order!=0:
while self.driver.url==self.ticket_url:
self.driver.find_by_text(u"查询").click()
count += 1
print u"循环点击查询... 第 %s 次" % count
# sleep(1)
try:
self.driver.find_by_text(u"预订")[self.order - 1].click()
except Exception as e:
print e
print u"还没开始预订"
continue
else:
while self.driver.url == self.ticket_url:
self.driver.find_by_text(u"查询").click()
count += 1
print u"循环点击查询... 第 %s 次" % count
# sleep(0.8)
try:
for i in self.driver.find_by_text(u"预订"):
i.click()
sleep(1)
except Exception as e:
print e
print u"还没开始预订 %s" %count
continue
print u"开始预订..."
# sleep(3)
# self.driver.reload()
sleep(1)
print u'开始选择用户...'
for user in self.users:
self.driver.find_by_text(user).last.click()
print u"提交订单..."
sleep(1)
# self.driver.find_by_text(self.pz).click()
# self.driver.find_by_id('').select(self.pz)
# # sleep(1)
# self.driver.find_by_text(self.xb).click()
# sleep(1)
self.driver.find_by_id('submitOrder_id').click()
# print u"开始选座..."
# self.driver.find_by_id('1D').last.click()
# self.driver.find_by_id('1F').last.click()
sleep(1.5)
print u"确认选座..."
self.driver.find_by_id('qr_submit_id').click()
except Exception as e:
print e
if __name__ == '__main__':
huoche=huoche()
huoche.start()

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