CocoaPods 安装 使用

2016-10-28 07:30:53来源:CSDN作者:zhangsf8385人点击

转载自:http://www.jianshu.com/p/071d30a3af02

1.开启 terminal
2.移除现有 Ruby 默认源

$ gem sources --remove https://rubygems.org/

3.使用新的源

$ gem sources -a https://ruby.taobao.org/

4.验证新源是否替换成功

$ gem sources -l

5.安装 CocoaPods

$ sudo gem install cocoapods
$ pod setup

备注:苹果系统升级 OS X EL Capitan 后安装改为:

$ sudo gem install -n /usr/local/bin cocoapods
$ pod setup

6.更新 gem

$ sudo gem update --system

7.新建工程,并在终端用 cd 指令到文件夹内

$ pod search 第三方

8.新建 Podfile 文件

$ touch Podfile

9.编辑 Podfile 文件,并写入要添加的第三方库

platform:ios, '8.0'
pod 'AFNetworking', '~> 2.3.1'<-------第三方

10.导入第三方库

$ pod install
$ pod install --verbose --no-repo-update

11.退出终端


可能遇到的错误提示及解决方法:


Error 1:

Error fetching http://ruby.taobao.org/:
bad response Not Found 404 (http://ruby.taobao.org/specs.4.8.gz)
解决方案:把安装流程中 $ gem sources -a http://ruby.taobao.org/ 
改为:$ gem sources -a https://ruby.taobao.org/


Error 2:

ERROR:  While executing gem ... (Errno::EPERM)
Operation not permitted - /usr/bin/pod
解决方案:苹果系统升级 OS X EL Capitan 后会出现的插件错误,将安装流程 5.安装 CocoaPods 的 sudo gem install cocoapods
改为 sudo gem install -n /usr/local/bin cocoapods


Error 3:

[!] Unable to satisfy the following requirements:
- `AFNetworking (~> 2.3.1)` required by `Podfile`
Specs satisfying the `AFNetworking (~> 2.3.1)` dependency were found, but they required a higher minimum deployment target.
解决方案:Podfile 文件 中   platform:ios, ‘8.0’  后边的 8.0 是平台版本号 ,一定要加上


Error4:

――――――――― MARKDOWN TEMPLATE ――――――――――
### Report
* What did you do?
* What did you expect to happen?
* What happened instead?
### Stack
```
CocoaPods : 0.29.0
Ruby : ruby 2.0.0p247 (2013-06-27 revision 41674) [universal.x86_64-darwin13]
RubyGems : 2.1.11
Host : Mac OS X 10.9.2 (13C64)
Xcode : 5.1 (5B130a)
Ruby lib dir : /System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib
Repositories : master - https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs.git @ bd6736d07b16c98ab7a1dae04697cae002f25a9b
```
### Podfile
```ruby
platform :ios,'8.0'
pod 'MBProgressHUD', '~> 0.8'
```
### Error
```
Psych::SyntaxError - (/Users/MAXJ/.cocoapods/repos/master/CocoaPods-version.yml): mapping values are not allowed in this context at line 3 column 4
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:205:in `parse'
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:205:in `parse_stream'
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:153:in `parse'
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:129:in `load'
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:299:in `block in load_file'
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:299:in `open'
/System/Library/Frameworks/Ruby.framework/Versions/2.0/usr/lib/ruby/2.0.0/psych.rb:299:in `load_file'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/lib/cocoapods/sources_manager.rb:261:in `version_information'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/lib/cocoapods/sources_manager.rb:222:in `repo_compatible?'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/lib/cocoapods/sources_manager.rb:281:in `master_repo_functional?'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/lib/cocoapods/command.rb:39:in `parse'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/claide-0.4.0/lib/claide/command.rb:179:in `parse'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/lib/cocoapods/command.rb:38:in `parse'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/claide-0.4.0/lib/claide/command.rb:211:in `run'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/lib/cocoapods/command.rb:51:in `run'
/Library/Ruby/Gems/2.0.0/gems/cocoapods-0.29.0/bin/pod:24:in `'
/usr/bin/pod:23:in `load'
/usr/bin/pod:23:in `'
```
―――――――――― TEMPLATE END ――――――――――
[!] Oh no, an error occurred.
Search for existing github issues similar to yours:
https://github.com/CocoaPods/CocoaPods/search?q=%28%2FUsers%2FMAXJ%2F.cocoapods%2Frepos%2Fmaster%2FCocoaPods-version.yml%29%3A+mapping+values+are+not+allowed+in+this+context+at+line+3+column+4&type=Issues
If none exists, create a ticket, with the template displayed above, on:
https://github.com/CocoaPods/CocoaPods/issues/new
Don't forget to anonymize any private data!
解决方案:
$ sudo rm -rf ~/.cocoapods/repos/master
$ pod setup


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