关于安装cocoapods遇到的一些坑(ERROR: Error installing cocoapods: activesupport requires Ruby version >=

2016-12-27 10:21:44来源:oschina作者:JlongTian人点击


1.移除现有的Ruby

$gem sources --remove https://rubygems.org/


2.使用淘宝镜像

$gem sources -a https://ruby.taobao.org/


3.验证当前ruby版本

$gem sources -l


成功后提示:

*** CURRENT SOURCES ***

https://ruby.taobao.org/


4.开始安装cocoapods

$sudo gem install cocoapods


这时候提示:

Fetching: i18n-0.7.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed i18n-0.7.0


Fetching: thread_safe-0.3.5.gem (100%)


Successfully installed thread_safe-0.3.5


Fetching: tzinfo-1.2.2.gem (100%)


Successfully installed tzinfo-1.2.2


Fetching: minitest-5.9.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed minitest-5.9.0


Fetching: concurrent-ruby-1.0.2.gem (100%)


Successfully installed concurrent-ruby-1.0.2


Fetching: activesupport-5.0.0.gem (100%)


ERROR: Error installing cocoapods:


activesupport requires Ruby version >= 2.2.2.


这个地方很坑,之前安装cocoapods一直是没有这个问题的,这里提示Ruby版本要大于或等于2.2.2


于是查看ruby版本


$ruby -v

ruby 2.0.0p648 (2015-12-16 revision 53162) [universal.x86_64-darwin15]

果然这里就要升级Ruby版本啦


查看目前的所有ruby版本:

$rvm list known


如果提示command not found 请先安装rvm

$curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable


如果已安装会列出所有的ruby版本:

# MRI Rubies


[ruby-]1.8.6[-p420]


[ruby-]1.8.7[-head] # security released on head


[ruby-]1.9.1[-p431]


[ruby-]1.9.2[-p330]


[ruby-]1.9.3[-p551]


[ruby-]2.0.0[-p648]


[ruby-]2.1[.8]


[ruby-]2.2[.4]


[ruby-]2.3[.0]


[ruby-]2.2-head


ruby-head

# for forks use: rvm install ruby-head- --url https://github.com/github/ruby.Git--branch 2.2

# JRuby


jruby-1.6[.8]


jruby-1.7[.23]


jruby[-9.0.5.0]


jruby-head

# Rubinius


rbx-1[.4.3]


rbx-2.3[.0]


rbx-2.4[.1]


rbx[-2.5.8]


rbx-head

# Opal


opal

# Minimalistic ruby implementation - ISO 30170:2012


mruby[-head]

# Ruby Enterprise Edition


ree-1.8.6


ree[-1.8.7][-2012.02]

# GoRuby


goruby

# Topaz


topaz

# MagLev


maglev[-head]


maglev-1.0.0

# Mac OS X Snow Leopard Or Newer


macruby-0.10


macruby-0.11


macruby[-0.12]


macruby-nightly


macruby-head

# IronRuby


ironruby[-1.1.3]


ironruby-head

这里我们安装2.2.2:

$rvm install 2.2.2


终端运行结果:(如果直接成功请绕过homebrew的卸载安装)

Searching for binary rubies, this might take some time.


Found remote file https://rvm_io.global.ssl.fastly.NET/binaries/osx/10.11/x86_64/ruby-2.2.2.tar.bz2


Checking requirements for osx.


About to install Homebrew, press `Enter` for default installation in `/usr/local`,


type new path if you wish custom Homebrew installation (the path needs to be writable for user)


:

回车:

It appears Homebrew is already installed. If your intent is to reinstall you


should do the following before running this installer again:


ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/uninstall)"


The current contents of /usr/local are .git


Requirements installation failed with status: 1.

这里执行:


$ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/uninstall)"


卸载home-brew

Warning: This script will remove:


/Library/Caches/Homebrew/


/usr/local/.git/


Are you sure you want to uninstall Homebrew? [y/N] y


==>Removing Homebrew installation...


==>Removing empty directories...


==>Homebrew uninstalled!


You may want to restore /usr/local's original permissions


sudo chmod 0755 /usr/local


sudo chgrp wheel /usr/local

再执行:

$ rvm install 2.2.2


提示:

Searching for binary rubies, this might take some time.


Found remote file https://rvm_io.global.ssl.fastly.Net/binaries/osx/10.11/x86_64/ruby-2.2.2.tar.bz2


Checking requirements for osx.


About to install Homebrew, press `Enter` for default installation in `/usr/local`,


type new path if you wish custom Homebrew installation (the path needs to be writable for user)


:


按回车:

==>This script will install:


/usr/local/bin/brew


/usr/local/Library/...


/usr/local/share/doc/homebrew


/usr/local/share/man/man1/brew.1


/usr/local/share/zsh/site-functions/_brew


/usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/brew

Press RETURN to continue or any other key to abort


==>/usr/bin/sudo /bin/mkdir /Library/Caches/Homebrew


Password:


这里需要输入电脑密码:

==>/usr/bin/sudo /bin/chmod g+rwx /Library/Caches/Homebrew


==>/usr/bin/sudo /usr/sbin/chown haha /Library/Caches/Homebrew


==>Downloading and installing Homebrew...


remote: Counting objects: 501, done.


remote: Compressing objects: 100% (445/445), done.


remote: Total 501 (delta 29), reused 360 (delta 27), pack-reused 0


Receiving objects: 100% (501/501), 787.83 KiB | 169.00 KiB/s, done.


Resolving deltas: 100% (29/29), done.


From https://github.com/Homebrew/brew


* [new branch] master -> origin/master


HEAD is now at 32f7e73 download_strategy: ensure fixed commit hash length


==>Tapping homebrew/core


Cloning into '/usr/local/Library/Taps/homebrew/homebrew-core'...


remote: Counting objects: 3714, done.


remote: Compressing objects: 100% (3598/3598), done.


remote: Total 3714 (delta 14), reused 2112 (delta 6), pack-reused 0


Receiving objects: 100% (3714/3714), 2.88 MiB | 240.00 KiB/s, done.


Resolving deltas: 100% (14/14), done.


Checking connectivity... done.


Checking out files: 100% (3717/3717), done.


Tapped 3591 formulae (3,740 files, 9.0M)


==>Installation successful!


==>Next steps


Run `brew help` to get started


Further documentation: https://git.io/brew-docs


==>Homebrew has enabled anonymous aggregate user behaviour analytics


Read the analytics documentation (and how to opt-out) here:


https://git.io/brew-analytics


Installing requirements for osx.


Updating system.....


Installing required packages: autoconf, automake, libtool, pkg-config, libyaml, readline, libksba, openssl........


Certificates in '/usr/local/etc/openssl/cert.pem' are already up to date.


Requirements installation successful.


ruby-2.2.2 - #configure


ruby-2.2.2 - #download


% Total% Received % Xferd Average SpeedTimeTime Time Current


Dload UploadTotalSpentLeft Speed


100 6854k 100 6854k0 0 61342 0 0:01:54 0:01:54 --:--:-- 132k


ruby-2.2.2 - #validate archive


ruby-2.2.2 - #extract


ruby-2.2.2 - #validate binary


ruby-2.2.2 - #setup


ruby-2.2.2 - #gemset created /Users/haha/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.2.2@global


ruby-2.2.2 - #importing gemset /Users/haha/.rvm/gemsets/global.gems..............................


ruby-2.2.2 - #generating global wrappers........


ruby-2.2.2 - #gemset created /Users/haha/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.2.2


ruby-2.2.2 - #importing gemsetfile /Users/haha/.rvm/gemsets/default.gems evaluated to empty gem list


ruby-2.2.2 - #generating default wrappers........


Updating certificates in '/etc/openssl/cert.pem'.


mkdir: /etc/openssl: Permission denied


mkdir -p "/etc/openssl" failed, retrying with sudo


haha password required for 'mkdir -p /etc/openssl':


and sudo mkdir worked

这样ruby2.2.2就安装好了


现在就可以安装cocoapods啦:

$sudo gem install cocoapods


看看这样cocoapods就安装成功了

Fetching: nap-1.1.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed nap-1.1.0


Fetching: fourflusher-0.3.2.gem (100%)


Successfully installed fourflusher-0.3.2


Fetching: escape-0.0.4.gem (100%)


Successfully installed escape-0.0.4


Fetching: colored-1.2.gem (100%)


Successfully installed colored-1.2


Fetching: concurrent-ruby-1.0.2.gem (100%)


Successfully installed concurrent-ruby-1.0.2


Fetching: thread_safe-0.3.5.gem (100%)


Successfully installed thread_safe-0.3.5


Fetching: tzinfo-1.2.2.gem (100%)


Successfully installed tzinfo-1.2.2


Fetching: i18n-0.7.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed i18n-0.7.0


Fetching: activesupport-5.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed activesupport-5.0.0


Fetching: claide-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed claide-1.0.0


Fetching: xcodeproj-1.1.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed xcodeproj-1.1.0


Fetching: molinillo-0.4.5.gem (100%)


Successfully installed molinillo-0.4.5


Fetching: cocoapods-try-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-try-1.0.0


Fetching: netrc-0.7.8.gem (100%)


Successfully installed netrc-0.7.8


Fetching: cocoapods-trunk-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-trunk-1.0.0


Fetching: cocoapods-stats-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-stats-1.0.0


Fetching: cocoapods-search-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-search-1.0.0


Fetching: cocoapods-plugins-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-plugins-1.0.0


Fetching: cocoapods-downloader-1.0.1.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-downloader-1.0.1


Fetching: cocoapods-deintegrate-1.0.0.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-deintegrate-1.0.0


Fetching: fuzzy_match-2.0.4.gem (100%)


Successfully installed fuzzy_match-2.0.4


Fetching: cocoapods-core-1.0.1.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-core-1.0.1


Fetching: cocoapods-1.0.1.gem (100%)


Successfully installed cocoapods-1.0.1


Parsing documentation for nap-1.1.0


Installing ri documentation for nap-1.1.0


Parsing documentation for fourflusher-0.3.2


Installing ri documentation for fourflusher-0.3.2


Parsing documentation for escape-0.0.4


Installing ri documentation for escape-0.0.4


Parsing documentation for colored-1.2


Installing ri documentation for colored-1.2


Parsing documentation for concurrent-ruby-1.0.2


Installing ri documentation for concurrent-ruby-1.0.2


Parsing documentation for thread_safe-0.3.5


Installing ri documentation for thread_safe-0.3.5


Parsing documentation for tzinfo-1.2.2


Installing ri documentation for tzinfo-1.2.2


Parsing documentation for i18n-0.7.0


Installing ri documentation for i18n-0.7.0


Parsing documentation for activesupport-5.0.0


Installing ri documentation for activesupport-5.0.0


Parsing documentation for claide-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for claide-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for xcodeproj-1.1.0


Installing ri documentation for xcodeproj-1.1.0


Parsing documentation for molinillo-0.4.5


Installing ri documentation for molinillo-0.4.5


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-try-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-try-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for netrc-0.7.8


Installing ri documentation for netrc-0.7.8


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-trunk-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-trunk-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-stats-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-stats-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-search-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-search-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-plugins-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-plugins-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-downloader-1.0.1


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-downloader-1.0.1


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-deintegrate-1.0.0


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-deintegrate-1.0.0


Parsing documentation for fuzzy_match-2.0.4


Installing ri documentation for fuzzy_match-2.0.4


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-core-1.0.1


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-core-1.0.1


Parsing documentation for cocoapods-1.0.1


Installing ri documentation for cocoapods-1.0.1


Done installing documentation for nap, fourflusher, escape, colored, concurrent-ruby, thread_safe, tzinfo, i18n, activesupport, claide, xcodeproj, molinillo, cocoapods-try, netrc, cocoapods-trunk, cocoapods-stats, cocoapods-search, cocoapods-plugins, cocoapods-downloader, cocoapods-deintegrate, fuzzy_match, cocoapods-core, cocoapods after 146 seconds


23 gems installed

关于cocoapods的用法就不再多说了,有很多。这里是总结了本人安装cocoapods里遇到的坑以及解决办法,希望能有所帮助。


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