gitlab在centos上的安装过程,仅供参考

2017-01-10 10:00:02来源:oschina作者:TonyStarkSir人点击

gitLab是个好东西,优势比SVN还真不是一星半点,具体有关git的相关知识可以去廖雪峰的网站去学习:(http://www.liaoxuefeng.com/wiki/0013739516305929606dd18361248578c67b8067c8c017b000/)


下边为git服务器的搭建过程,centos下有很多坑,下边我给出我的搭建过程,仅供参考


1.安装gitlab需要的工具
yum -y update
yum -y groupinstall 'Development Tools'
yum -y install readline readline-devel ncurses-devel gdbm-devel glibc-devel tcl-devel openssl-devel curl-devel expat-devel db4-devel byacc sqlite-devel libyaml libyaml-devel libffi libffi-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel libxslt libxslt-devel libicu libicu-devel system-config-firewall-tui redis sudo wget crontabs logwatch logrotate perl-Time-HiRes git cmake libcom_err-devel.i686 libcom_err-devel.x86_64 nodejs
# For reStructuredText markup language support, install required package:
yum -y install python-docutils
2.install mail server
yum -y install postfix
3.配置默认编辑器
# Install vim and set as default editor
yum -y install vim-enhanced
ln -s /usr/bin/vim /usr/bin/editor
rm -i /usr/bin/editor
4.安装git
git --version//git版本查看,安装git2.7或者以上版本

如果git版本比较低,先删除git,如下命令


yum -y remove git

安装git所需要依赖


yum install zlib-devel perl-CPAN gettext curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel

下载并且提取git


mkdir /tmp/git && cd /tmp/git
curl --progress https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-2.9.0.tar.gz | tar xz//下载可能会比较慢
cd git-2.9.0
./configure
make
make prefix=/usr/local install

然后新建终端:查看git版本


5.安装ruby

清理掉自带的低版本的ruby


yum remove ruby
cd
make uninstall

安装并且提取ruby


mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby
curl --progress https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.1/ruby-2.1.9.tar.gz | tar xz //下载可能比较慢,慢的时候可以试试重新下载
cd ruby-2.1.9
./configure --disable-install-rdoc
make
make prefix=/usr/local install

install the Bundler Gem


gem install bundler --no-doc

新建终端查看ruby的版本信息


which ruby
# /usr/local/bin/ruby
ruby -v
# ruby 2.1.10p492 (2016-04-01 revision 54464) [x86_64-linux]
6.安装go语言
yum install golang golang-bin golang-src
7.安装mysql
yum install -y mysql-server mysql-devel
chkconfig mysqld on
service mysqld start

如果yum install -y msql-server mysql-devel的时候报没有mysqlserver的安装包的时候:


wget http://repo.mysql.com/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm

然后再执行第一条安装mysql server的语句


确定mysql的版本


mysql --version

确保安装


mysql_secure_installation

登录mysql


mysql -u root -p

为gitlab创建用户


CREATE USER 'git'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'gitpwd';

确保你可以使用InnoDB引擎必须支持长指标


SET storage_engine=INNODB;

为gitlab创建数据库


CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `gitlabhq_production` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET `utf8` COLLATE `utf8_unicode_ci`;

为gitlab用户创建数据库权限


GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, DROP, INDEX, ALTER, LOCK TABLES, REFERENCES ON `gitlabhq_production`.* TO 'git'@'localhost';

退出


/q

测试gitlab账户


sudo -u git -H mysql -u git -p -D gitlabhq_production
8、安装redis

卸载旧版本


yum remove redis

安装新版本


yum --enablerepo=remi,remi-test install redis

如果安装不了,参考下边的命令


解决办法一:yum添加epel源 yum添加epel源:yum install epel-release回车 再次:yum install redis回车,然后根据提示


授权等


Make sure redis is started on boot:


chkconfig redis on

Configure redis to use sockets:


cp /etc/redis.conf /etc/redis.conf.orig

Disable Redis listening on TCP by setting 'port' to 0:


sed 's/^port .*/port 0/' /etc/redis.conf.orig | sudo tee /etc/redis.conf

Enable Redis socket for default CentOS path:


echo 'unixsocket /var/run/redis/redis.sock' | sudo tee -a /etc/redis.conf
echo -e 'unixsocketperm 0770' | sudo tee -a /etc/redis.conf

Create the directory which contains the socket


mkdir /var/run/redis
chown redis:redis /var/run/redis
chmod 755 /var/run/redis

Persist the directory which contains the socket, if applicable


if [ -d /etc/tmpfiles.d ]; then
echo 'd/var/run/redis0755redisredis10d-' | sudo tee -a /etc/tmpfiles.d/redis.conf
fi

Activate the changes to redis.conf:


service redis restart

Add git to the redis group:


usermod -aG redis git
9.安装gitlab

推荐bitnami下载打包安装版本https://bitnami.com/stack/gitlab/installer,省去很多时间。他们也提供相关WIKI


以centos为演示环境,来安装这个包,切换到root账户, 在终端运行:


./bitnami-gitlab-7.1.1-0-linux-x64-installer.run

默认同时安装了GitLab CI, 后然配置Apache的端口,MySQL的端口,注意如果默认端口80, 3306有占用,需要修改。就不截图 了。 这个包默认会安装独立的MySQL,如果需要配置已有Mysql数据库,那么请手工逐个安装各个组件。安装完成后,服务就启动了。


配置OS自动启动:


sudo update-rc.d gitlab defaults 21

启动gitlab


cd进gitlab安装目录下


[root@stark gitlab-7.4.3-0]# ./ctlscript.sh start
/opt/gitlab-7.4.3-0/mysql/scripts/ctl.sh : mysql(pid 14322) already running
/opt/gitlab-7.4.3-0/redis/scripts/ctl.sh : redis (pid 14546) already running
/opt/gitlab-7.4.3-0/apps/gitlab/scripts/sidekiq.sh : gitlab_sidekiq(pid 14930) already running
/opt/gitlab-7.4.3-0/apps/gitlabci/scripts/sidekiq.sh : gitlabci_sidekiq(pid 15179) already running
/opt/gitlab-7.4.3-0/apps/gitlabci/scripts/runner.sh : gitlabci_runner (pid 15481
15482) already running
Syntax OK
/opt/gitlab-7.4.3-0/apache2/scripts/ctl.sh : httpd (pid 15338) already running

也可以查看GUI管理控制台./manager-linux-x64.run



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