Delphi操作EXCEL

2016-10-18 19:12:53来源:CSDN作者:QQ56430204人点击

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Uses ExcelXP, Vcl.OleServer, Vcl.OleAuto;


//用Delphi组件TExcelApplication的操作方法.

function TFormExcelImport.ActiveExcelFile(const FileName :String): Boolean;
var
  i: Integer;
  // LCID: Integer;
  ExcelApplication1: TExcelApplication;
  ExcelWorkbook1: TExcelWorkbook;
  ExcelWorksheet1: TExcelWorksheet;
begin
  Result := False;
  try
    ExcelApplication1 := TExcelApplication.Create(Application);
    ExcelWorkbook1 := TExcelWorkbook.Create(Application);
    ExcelWorksheet1 := TExcelWorksheet.Create(Application);
    ExcelApplication1.ConnectKind := ckRunningOrNew;
    ExcelApplication1.Connect;
    // LCID := GetUserDefaultLCID;
    if (ExcelApplication1.Workbooks.Count = 0) then
    begin
      ExcelApplication1.Visible[0] := False;
      ExcelApplication1.Caption := 'HKAClient Loading Microsoft Excel';
    end;
    // 打开工作簿并关联工作簿变量.
    ExcelWorkbook1.ConnectTo(ExcelApplication1.Workbooks.Open(FileName,
      False, True, EmptyParam, EmptyParam, EmptyParam, True, EmptyParam,
      EmptyParam, EmptyParam, False, EmptyParam, EmptyParam, EmptyParam,
      EmptyParam, 0));
    // 关联工作表变量
    ExcelWorksheet1.ConnectTo(ExcelWorkbook1.ActiveSheet as _WorkSheet);
    ListBoxSheetName.Clear;
    for i := 1 to ExcelWorkbook1.Sheets.Count do
    begin
      ListBoxSheetName.Items.Add((ExcelWorkbook1.Sheets[i] as _WorkSheet).Name);
    end;

    ExcelWorksheet1.Disconnect;
    // ExcelWorkbook1.Disconnect;
    ExcelWorkbook1.Close(False, FileName, EmptyParam, 0);
    // ExcelApplication1.Workbooks.Close(0); //会关闭所有已经打开的Excel文档.
    ExcelApplication1.Disconnect;
    if (ExcelApplication1.Workbooks.Count = 0) or
      (ExcelApplication1.ConnectKind = ckNewInstance) then
      ExcelApplication1.Quit;
    Result := True;
  finally
    ExcelWorksheet1.Free;
    ExcelWorkbook1.Free;
    ExcelApplication1.Free;
  end;
end;


//用ComObj对象.

function TFormExcelImport.OpenExcelFile(const FileName:String): Boolean;
var
  ExcelApp: OleVariant;
  i: Integer;
begin
  Result := False;
  ExcelApp := CreateOleObject('Excel.Application');
  ExcelApp.Caption := 'HKAClient Loading Microsoft Excel';
  ExcelApp.Visible := False;
  ExcelApp.Workbooks.Open(FileName);
  ListBoxSheetName.Clear;
  for i := 1 to ExcelApp.Sheets.Count do
  begin
    ListBoxSheetName.Items.Add(ExcelApp.ActiveWorkbook.Sheets[i].Name);
  end;
 
  ExcelApp.Workbooks.Close;
  ExcelApp.Quit;
  Result := True;
end;



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