Delphi2010 MD5加密的方法

2017-06-03 11:49:17来源:CSDN作者:zisongjia人点击

在Delphi2010及上以版本中,可以用TIdHashMessageDigest5对字符和流进行MD5加密,MD5加密是不可逆的,即不能解密,银行系统用户密码就是MD5加密,如果您的密码丢失,只能重设密码,原来的密码将废弃。

 

先引用单元:IdHashMessageDigest

写如下函数:

 function MD5(const str:string):String;

var
    AMD5:TIdHashMessageDigest5;
begin
  try
    AMD5:=TIdHashMessageDigest5.Create;
    Result:=AMD5.HashStringAsHex(str,TEncoding.UTF8);
  finally
     AMD5.Free;
  end;
end;

 

当然,你也可以对文件流进行加密用 AMD5.HashStreamAsHex()即可

函数说明及源码:

{具体使用方法如下,另外还附有源代码:
//*
1、 MD5String、MD5File、MD5Print、MD5Match这四个函数是供调用的。其他是用来辅助这几个函数的子函数。
2、MD5String为加密字符串。
3、MD5File为加密这个文件。
4、MD5Print是将加密后的密文转换成字符串。
5、MD5Match是用来比较密文是否一致。

加密字符串aaa MD5String('aaa')
将加密后的aaa显示出来 MD5Print(MD5String('aaa'))
比较两次密文是否一致: MD5Match(MD5String('第一次明文'),MD5String('第二次输入的明文'))
*//

MD5加密算法(DELPHI)}

unit md5;


// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
INTERFACE
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

uses
Windows;

type
MD5Count = array[0..1] of DWORD;
MD5State = array[0..3] of DWORD;
MD5Block = array[0..15] of DWORD;
MD5CBits = array[0..7] of byte;
MD5Digest = array[0..15] of byte;
MD5Buffer = array[0..63] of byte;
MD5Context = record
State: MD5State;
Count: MD5Count;
Buffer: MD5Buffer;
end;

procedure MD5Init(var Context: MD5Context);
procedure MD5Update(var Context: MD5Context; Input: pChar; Length: longword);
procedure MD5Final(var Context: MD5Context; var Digest: MD5Digest);

function MD5String(M: string): MD5Digest;
function MD5File(N: string): MD5Digest;
function MD5Print(D: MD5Digest): string;

function MD5Match(D1, D2: MD5Digest): boolean;

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
IMPLEMENTATION
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

var
PADDING: MD5Buffer = (
$80, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00,
$00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00, $00
);

function F(x, y, z: DWORD): DWORD;
begin
Result := (x and y) or ((not x) and z);
end;

function G(x, y, z: DWORD): DWORD;
begin
Result := (x and z) or (y and (not z));
end;

function H(x, y, z: DWORD): DWORD;
begin
Result := x xor y xor z;
end;

function I(x, y, z: DWORD): DWORD;
begin
Result := y xor (x or (not z));
end;

procedure rot(var x: DWORD; n: BYTE);
begin
x := (x shl n) or (x shr (32 - n));
end;

procedure FF(var a: DWORD; b, c, d, x: DWORD; s: BYTE; ac: DWORD);
begin
inc(a, F(b, c, d) + x + ac);
rot(a, s);
inc(a, b);
end;

procedure GG(var a: DWORD; b, c, d, x: DWORD; s: BYTE; ac: DWORD);
begin
inc(a, G(b, c, d) + x + ac);
rot(a, s);
inc(a, b);
end;

procedure HH(var a: DWORD; b, c, d, x: DWORD; s: BYTE; ac: DWORD);
begin
inc(a, H(b, c, d) + x + ac);
rot(a, s);
inc(a, b);
end;

procedure II(var a: DWORD; b, c, d, x: DWORD; s: BYTE; ac: DWORD);
begin
inc(a, I(b, c, d) + x + ac);
rot(a, s);
inc(a, b);
end;

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Encode Count bytes at Source into (Count / 4) DWORDs at Target
procedure Encode(Source, Target: pointer; Count: longword);
var
S: PByte;
T: PDWORD;
I: longword;
begin
S := Source;
T := Target;
for I := 1 to Count div 4 do begin
T^ := S^;
inc(S);
T^ := T^ or (S^ shl 8);
inc(S);
T^ := T^ or (S^ shl 16);
inc(S);
T^ := T^ or (S^ shl 24);
inc(S);
inc(T);
end;
end;

// Decode Count DWORDs at Source into (Count * 4) Bytes at Target
procedure Decode(Source, Target: pointer; Count: longword);
var
S: PDWORD;
T: PByte;
I: longword;
begin
S := Source;
T := Target;
for I := 1 to Count do begin
T^ := S^ and $ff;
inc(T);
T^ := (S^ shr 8) and $ff;
inc(T);
T^ := (S^ shr 16) and $ff;
inc(T);
T^ := (S^ shr 24) and $ff;
inc(T);
inc(S);
end;
end;

// Transform State according to first 64 bytes at Buffer
procedure Transform(Buffer: pointer; var State: MD5State);
var
a, b, c, d: DWORD;
Block: MD5Block;
begin
Encode(Buffer, @Block, 64);
a := State[0];
b := State[1];
c := State[2];
d := State[3];
FF (a, b, c, d, Block[ 0], 7, $d76aa478);
FF (d, a, b, c, Block[ 1], 12, $e8c7b756);
FF (c, d, a, b, Block[ 2], 17, $242070db);
FF (b, c, d, a, Block[ 3], 22, $c1bdceee);
FF (a, b, c, d, Block[ 4], 7, $f57c0faf);
FF (d, a, b, c, Block[ 5], 12, $4787c62a);
FF (c, d, a, b, Block[ 6], 17, $a8304613);
FF (b, c, d, a, Block[ 7], 22, $fd469501);
FF (a, b, c, d, Block[ 8], 7, $698098d8);
FF (d, a, b, c, Block[ 9], 12, $8b44f7af);
FF (c, d, a, b, Block[10], 17, $ffff5bb1);
FF (b, c, d, a, Block[11], 22, $895cd7be);
FF (a, b, c, d, Block[12], 7, $6b901122);
FF (d, a, b, c, Block[13], 12, $fd987193);
FF (c, d, a, b, Block[14], 17, $a679438e);
FF (b, c, d, a, Block[15], 22, $49b40821);
GG (a, b, c, d, Block[ 1], 5, $f61e2562);
GG (d, a, b, c, Block[ 6], 9, $c040b340);
GG (c, d, a, b, Block[11], 14, $265e5a51);
GG (b, c, d, a, Block[ 0], 20, $e9b6c7aa);
GG (a, b, c, d, Block[ 5], 5, $d62f105d);
GG (d, a, b, c, Block[10], 9, $2441453);
GG (c, d, a, b, Block[15], 14, $d8a1e681);
GG (b, c, d, a, Block[ 4], 20, $e7d3fbc8);
GG (a, b, c, d, Block[ 9], 5, $21e1cde6);
GG (d, a, b, c, Block[14], 9, $c33707d6);
GG (c, d, a, b, Block[ 3], 14, $f4d50d87);
GG (b, c, d, a, Block[ 8], 20, $455a14ed);
GG (a, b, c, d, Block[13], 5, $a9e3e905);
GG (d, a, b, c, Block[ 2], 9, $fcefa3f8);
GG (c, d, a, b, Block[ 7], 14, $676f02d9);
GG (b, c, d, a, Block[12], 20, $8d2a4c8a);
HH (a, b, c, d, Block[ 5], 4, $fffa3942);
HH (d, a, b, c, Block[ 8], 11, $8771f681);
HH (c, d, a, b, Block[11], 16, $6d9d6122);
HH (b, c, d, a, Block[14], 23, $fde5380c);
HH (a, b, c, d, Block[ 1], 4, $a4beea44);
HH (d, a, b, c, Block[ 4], 11, $4bdecfa9);
HH (c, d, a, b, Block[ 7], 16, $f6bb4b60);
HH (b, c, d, a, Block[10], 23, $bebfbc70);
HH (a, b, c, d, Block[13], 4, $289b7ec6);
HH (d, a, b, c, Block[ 0], 11, $eaa127fa);
HH (c, d, a, b, Block[ 3], 16, $d4ef3085);
HH (b, c, d, a, Block[ 6], 23, $4881d05);
HH (a, b, c, d, Block[ 9], 4, $d9d4d039);
HH (d, a, b, c, Block[12], 11, $e6db99e5);
HH (c, d, a, b, Block[15], 16, $1fa27cf8);
HH (b, c, d, a, Block[ 2], 23, $c4ac5665);
II (a, b, c, d, Block[ 0], 6, $f4292244);
II (d, a, b, c, Block[ 7], 10, $432aff97);
II (c, d, a, b, Block[14], 15, $ab9423a7);
II (b, c, d, a, Block[ 5], 21, $fc93a039);
II (a, b, c, d, Block[12], 6, $655b59c3);
II (d, a, b, c, Block[ 3], 10, $8f0ccc92);
II (c, d, a, b, Block[10], 15, $ffeff47d);
II (b, c, d, a, Block[ 1], 21, $85845dd1);
II (a, b, c, d, Block[ 8], 6, $6fa87e4f);
II (d, a, b, c, Block[15], 10, $fe2ce6e0);
II (c, d, a, b, Block[ 6], 15, $a3014314);
II (b, c, d, a, Block[13], 21, $4e0811a1);
II (a, b, c, d, Block[ 4], 6, $f7537e82);
II (d, a, b, c, Block[11], 10, $bd3af235);
II (c, d, a, b, Block[ 2], 15, $2ad7d2bb);
II (b, c, d, a, Block[ 9], 21, $eb86d391);
inc(State[0], a);
inc(State[1], b);
inc(State[2], c);
inc(State[3], d);
end;

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Initialize given Context
procedure MD5Init(var Context: MD5Context);
begin
with Context do begin
State[0] := $67452301;
State[1] := $efcdab89;
State[2] := $98badcfe;
State[3] := $10325476;
Count[0] := 0;
Count[1] := 0;
ZeroMemory(@Buffer, SizeOf(MD5Buffer));
end;
end;

// Update given Context to include Length bytes of Input
procedure MD5Update(var Context: MD5Context; Input: pChar; Length: longword);
var
Index: longword;
PartLen: longword;
I: longword;
begin
with Context do begin
Index := (Count[0] shr 3) and $3f;
inc(Count[0], Length shl 3);
if Count[0] < (Length shl 3) then inc(Count[1]);
inc(Count[1], Length shr 29);
end;
PartLen := 64 - Index;
if Length >= PartLen then begin
CopyMemory(@Context.Buffer[Index], Input, PartLen);
Transform(@Context.Buffer, Context.State);
I := PartLen;
while I + 63 < Length do begin
Transform(@Input[I], Context.State);
inc(I, 64);
end;
Index := 0;
end else I := 0;
CopyMemory(@Context.Buffer[Index], @Input[I], Length - I);
end;

// Finalize given Context, create Digest and zeroize Context
procedure MD5Final(var Context: MD5Context; var Digest: MD5Digest);
var
Bits: MD5CBits;
Index: longword;
PadLen: longword;
begin
Decode(@Context.Count, @Bits, 2);
Index := (Context.Count[0] shr 3) and $3f;
if Index < 56 then PadLen := 56 - Index else PadLen := 120 - Index;
MD5Update(Context, @PADDING, PadLen);
MD5Update(Context, @Bits, 8);
Decode(@Context.State, @Digest, 4);
ZeroMemory(@Context, SizeOf(MD5Context));
end;

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Create digest of given Message
function MD5String(M: string): MD5Digest;
var
Context: MD5Context;
begin
MD5Init(Context);
MD5Update(Context, pChar(M), length(M));
MD5Final(Context, Result);
end;

// Create digest of file with given Name
function MD5File(N: string): MD5Digest;
var
FileHandle: THandle;
MapHandle: THandle;
ViewPointer: pointer;
Context: MD5Context;
begin
MD5Init(Context);
FileHandle := CreateFile(pChar(N), GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ or FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
nil, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL or FILE_FLAG_SEQUENTIAL_SCAN, 0);
if FileHandle <> INVALID_HANDLE_value then try
MapHandle := CreateFileMapping(FileHandle, nil, PAGE_READONLY, 0, 0, nil);
if MapHandle <> 0 then try
ViewPointer := MapViewOfFile(MapHandle, FILE_MAP_READ, 0, 0, 0);
if ViewPointer <> nil then try
MD5Update(Context, ViewPointer, GetFileSize(FileHandle, nil));
finally
UnmapViewOfFile(ViewPointer);
end;
finally
CloseHandle(MapHandle);
end;
finally
CloseHandle(FileHandle);
end;
MD5Final(Context, Result);
end;

// Create hex representation of given Digest
function MD5Print(D: MD5Digest): string;
var
I: byte;
const
Digits: array[0..15] of char =
('0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f');
begin
Result := '';
for I := 0 to 15 do Result := Result + Digits[(D[I] shr 4) and $0f] + Digits[D[I] and $0f];
end;

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Compare two Digests
function MD5Match(D1, D2: MD5Digest): boolean;
var
I: byte;
begin
I := 0;
Result := TRUE;
while Result and (I < 16) do begin
Result := D1[I] = D2[I];
inc(I);
end;
end;

end.


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