delphi调用阿里云的对象存储服务OSS

2017-09-03 18:56:43来源:CSDN作者:acrodelphi人点击

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阿里云的对象存储:https://www.aliyun.com/product/oss?spm=5176.8142029.388261.220.tpdG6e

Delphi版本:Embarcadero® Delphi 10.2 Version 25.0.26309.314 

其开发文档中没有提供Delphi的SDK,参考javascript的SDK,大致修改后可以运作:

unit wxhAliYun_OSS;interfaceuses  REST.Client,system.JSON,system.SysUtils;  function invokeAliOSS(req:TRESTRequest;objName,method,body:string):string;implementationuses  REST.Types,DateUtils,EncdDecd,cHash,System.Classes;function DateTimeToGMT(const ADate:TDateTime):string;const  WEEK:array[1..7] of PChar = ('Sun','Mon','Tue','Wed','Thu','Fri','Sat');  MonthDig:array[1..12] of PChar =    ('Jan','Feb','Mar','Apr','May','Jun','Jul','Aug','Sep','Oct','Nov','Dec');var  wWeek,wYear,wMonth,wDay,wHour,wMin,wSec,wMilliSec:Word;  sWeek,sMonth:string;begin  DecodeDateTime(ADate,wYear,wMonth,wDay,wHour,wMin,wSec,wMilliSec);  wWeek := DayOfWeek(ADate);  sWeek  := WEEK[wWeek];  sMonth := MonthDig[wMonth];  Result := Format('%s, %.2d %s %d %.2d:%.2d:%.2d GMT',[sWeek,wDay,sMonth,wYear,wHour,wMin,wSec]);end;//加密算法来自http://fundementals.sourceforge.netfunction signString(source, secret:AnsiString):string;var d:T160BitDigest;begin  d:=CalcHMAC_SHA1(secret,source);  Result:=EncodeBase64(@d.Bytes,length(d.Bytes));end;function composeStringToSign(method, contentMD5,contentType,date,signHeaders,resource:string):string;begin  Result:= method+#10+contentMD5+#10+contentType+#10+date+#10+signHeaders+#10+resource;end;function invokeAliOSS(req:TRESTRequest;objName:string;method,body:string):string;var  vItem:TRESTRequestParameter;  stringToSign,signature,sDate,resource,accessKeyId,accessKeySecret:string;  bucketID,path,host,sContentType,contentMD5:string;  contentType:TRESTContentType;  d:T128BitDigest;begin  bucketID:='你的桶';  path:='/'+objName;  host:=bucketID+'.oss-cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com';  contentType:=TRESTContentType.ctAPPLICATION_OCTET_STREAM;  sContentType:='application/octet-stream';//'application/json';  accessKeyId:='你的key';  accessKeySecret:='你的密钥';  //sDate:='Sat, 02 Sep 2017 03:08:12 GMT';  sDate:=DateTimeToGMT(TTimeZone.Local.ToUniversalTime(now()));  resource:='/'+bucketID+'/'+objName;  req.ClearBody();  req.Params.Clear();  //req.Client.BaseURL:='http://localhost:8080'+path;  req.Client.BaseURL:='http://'+host+path;  d:=CalcMD5(body);  contentMD5:=EncodeBase64(@d.Bytes,Length(d.Bytes));  stringToSign := composeStringToSign(    method,    contentMD5,    sContentType,    sDate,    '',    resource);  signature := signString(stringToSign,accessKeySecret);  vItem:=req.Params.AddItem;  vItem.Kind:=TRESTRequestParameterKind.pkHTTPHEADER;  vItem.ContentType:=contentType;  vItem.Options:=[TRESTRequestParameterOption.poDoNotEncode];  vItem.Name:='authorization';  vItem.Value:='OSS '+accessKeyId+':'+signature;  vItem:=req.Params.AddItem;  vItem.Kind:=TRESTRequestParameterKind.pkHTTPHEADER;  vItem.ContentType:=contentType;  vItem.Options:=[TRESTRequestParameterOption.poDoNotEncode];  vItem.Name:='host';  vItem.Value:=host;  vItem:=req.Params.AddItem;  vItem.Kind:=TRESTRequestParameterKind.pkHTTPHEADER;  vItem.ContentType:=contentType;  vItem.Options:=[TRESTRequestParameterOption.poDoNotEncode];  vItem.Name:='date';  vItem.Value:=sDate;  vItem:=req.Params.AddItem;  vItem.Kind:=TRESTRequestParameterKind.pkHTTPHEADER;  vItem.ContentType:=contentType;  vItem.Options:=[TRESTRequestParameterOption.poDoNotEncode];  vItem.Name:='content-md5';  vItem.Value:=contentMD5;  req.Accept:=sContentType;  req.Client.ContentType:=sContentType;  req.AddBody(body);  if (method='PUT') then    req.Method:=TRESTRequestMethod.rmPUT  else if (method='GET') then    req.Method:=TRESTRequestMethod.rmGET;  req.Execute();  Result:=req.Response.Content;end;end.
其中,注意:

  1. MD5和HMAC-SHA1的算法是来自http://fundementals.sourceforge.net,Delphi自带的IdHMACSHA1运行不起来。
  2. 其中的oss-cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com,与你申请的OSS所在物理区域有关,需要根据实际情况调整。

客户端调用方法:

procedure TFormRanks.FormShow(Sender: TObject);var  data:string;  i: Integer;  users:TJSONArray;begin  //从阿里云的对象存储服务获取数据  data:=wxhAliYun_OSS.invokeAliOSS(RESTRequest1,'scores','GET','');  users:=TJSONArray(TJSONObject.ParseJSONValue(data));  //使用阿里云引擎,2016年时该服务关闭了。  {RESTClient1.BaseURL:='http://flowers2016.aliapp.com/getRanks';  RESTRequest1.Execute;  users:=TJSONArray(RESTResponse1.JSONValue);}  Grid1.RowCount:=users.Size;  for i := 0 to users.Size-1 do  begin    self.Grid1.Cells[0,i]:=InttoStr(i+1);    self.Grid1.Cells[1,i]:=users.Items[i].GetValue<string>('userID');    self.Grid1.Cells[2,i]:=users.Items[i].GetValue<string>('score');    self.Grid1.Cells[3,i]:=users.Items[i].GetValue<string>('score')+'/'+users.Items[i].GetValue<string>('cellCount');  end;end;


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