CentOS6.4搭配LAMP环境

2018-01-13 11:05:36来源:https://www.52bz.la/3623.html作者:皮皮赖's Blog人点击

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首先最好一直在root用户下进行安装。



一、安装Mysql


1.安装编译环境


yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ make cmake ncurses-devel bison


*出现错误:


Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security


Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile


Could not retrieve mirrorlist /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/release=6&arch=i386&repo=os error was


14: PYCURL ERROR 6 – "Couldn't resolve host 'mirrorlist.centos.org'"


Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base


*解决方法:


vim /etc/resolv.conf把文件改成:


nameserver 8.8.8.8


nameserver 8.8.4.4


2.下载源码包



wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/ 5.6.19/Mysql-5.6.19.tar.gz(url中有空格,请复制此url后在浏览器访问,这样空格会被转意,wget才能正常连接)


3.解压



tar -zxvfMysql-5.6.19.tar.gz


4.进入目录



cdMysql-5.6.19


5.添加用户



useradd -s /sbin/nologinMysql


6. 编译配置



cmake -DMysql_USER=Mysql -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/Mysql -DINSTALL_DATADIR=/data/Mysql/data -DMysql_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/Mysqld.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_CI -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1


7. 编译安装


make && make install


8.复制my-default.cnf文件到etc目录下



cp /usr/local/Mysql/support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/



9.复制/support-files/Mysql.server到/etc/init.d下,重命名为Mysqld



cp /usr/local/Mysql/support-files/Mysql.server /etc/init.d


cd /etc/init.d



mvMysql.serverMysqld


10.创建data目录



mkdir -p /data/Mysql/data


11. 关闭防火墙


chkconfig iptables off



vim /etc/seLinux/config



将/etc/seLinux/config 中的 SELinux=enforCIng 改成SELinux=disabled


12.在/etc/my.cnf中添加/编辑


打开my.cnf:


vim /etc/my.cnf


修改如下:


[client]



socket=/tmp/Mysql.sock



[Mysql
d]



basedir=/usr/local/Mysql



datadir=/data/Mysql/data



socket=/tmp/Mysql.sock


13. 加入自启动



chkconfig –level 345Mysqld on



14.改变Mysql目录用户组和权限


cd /usr/local



chmod 775 -RMysql



chown -RMysql.Mysql
Mysql


15.改变data目录用户组和权限



cd /data/Mysql/


chmod 775 -R data



chown -RMysql.Mysql data


16.初始化数据



/usr/local/Mysql/scripts/Mysql_install_db –user=Mysql –defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf –basedir=/usr/local/Mysql –datadir=/data/Mysql/data



17.添加Mysql环境变量


vim /etc/profile


PATH_LIST=(



'/usr/local/Mysql/bin'


);


for _path in ${PATH_LIST[@]};do


PATH="$PATH:$_path"


done


export PATH


18.重启


init 6



19.启动Mysql



serviceMysqld start


20. 初始化账户



/usr/local/Mysql/bin/Mysqladmin -u root password 'a123456'


21. 连接数据库



/usr/local/Mysql/bin/Mysql -u root -pa123456


二、安装Apache


1. 安装编译环境



yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake makelibjpeg libjpeg-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-develglib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devele2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel opensslopenssl-devel openldap openldapdevel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-serverslibtool*Mysql-devel


2. 下载源码


wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/ 解压并进入目录


tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.22.tar.gz


cd httpd-2.2.22


4. 编译配置


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache –enable-so –enable-proxy –enable-rewrite –with-mpm=worker


5. 编译安装


make && make install


6. vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf


搜索"#ServerName",在下面添加"ServerName localhost:80"


7. 启动Apache


/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start



三、安装PHP


1. 安装zlib


wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/ -zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz


cd zlib-1.2.8


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/zlib


make && make install


2. 安装libpng


wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/ -zxvf libpng-1.6.2.tar.gz


cd libpng-1.6.2


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libpng


make && make install


建立头文件软链


ln -s /usr/local/libpng/include/pngconf.h /usr/include


ln -s /usr/local/libpng/include/png.h /usr/include


将/usr/local/libpng/bin配置到环境变量


vim /etc/profile:


在这里面添加引号那行


PATH_LIST=(


'/usr/local/libpng/bin'


);


重启


3. 安装libjpeg


wget http://www.ijg.org/files/jpegsrc.v9.tar.gz


tar -zxvf jpegsrc.v9.tar.gz


cd jpeg-9


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/jpeg –enable-shared


make && make install


4. 安装freetype


wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/ -zxvf freetype-2.5.0.tar.gz


cd freetype-2.5.0


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/freetype


make && make install


5. 安装gd2


wget https://bitbucket.org/libgd/gd-libgd/downloads/libgd-2.1.0.tar.gz


tar -zxvf libgd-2.1.0.tar.gz


cd libgd-2.1.0


./configure –with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype –with-zlib=/usr/local/zlib –with-png=/usr/local/libpng –with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg –prefix=/usr/local/gd2


make && make install


6. 安装XPM


yum -y install *Xpm*


7. 安装libcurl-devel


yum -y install curl curl-devel



8. 安装PHP5.5.13



wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/manual-lookup.php -zxvf /PHP-5.5.13.tar.gz



cdPHP-5.5.13



./configure –prefix=/usr/local/PHP –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/PHP/etc/ –with-gd=/usr/local/gd2 –with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs –enable-mbregex –enable-bcmath –with-Mysql –with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib –enable-mbstring=all –with-pdo-Mysql –with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype –with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg –with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng –with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib –with-openssl –with-curl –enable-pcntl


make && make install


9. 复制配置文件



cpPHP.ini-development /usr/local/PHP/etc/PHP.ini



10. vim /usr/local/PHP/etc/PHP.ini在这里进行你需要的配置修改



11. 将/usr/local/PHP/bin配置到环境变量


vim /etc/profile:


在这里面添加引号那行


PATH_LIST=(



'/usr/local/PHP/bin'


);


12. vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf


找到AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz,在下面添加



AddType application/x-httpd-PHP .PHP .pHTML .inc .PHP3


重启Apache


/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl restart


四、安装memcached


1、安装libevent


wget http://cloud.github.com/downloads/libevent/libevent/libevent-2.0.20-stable.tar.gz


tar -zxvf libevent-2.0.20-stable.tar.gz


cd libevent-2.0.20-stable


./configure -prefix=/usr/local/libevent


make && make install


2、安装memcached


wget http://www.memcached.org/files/memcached-1.4.20.tar.gz


tar -zxvf memcached-1.4.20.tar.gz


cd memcached-1.4.20


./configure -prefix=/usr/local/memcached –with-libevent=/usr/local/libevent


make && make install


添加环境标量 /usr/local/memcached/bin 到 /etc/profile


3、启动memcached守护进程


memcached -d -m 64 -u root -l 127.0.0.1 -p 12000 -c 128 -P /tmp/memcached.pid


4、查看memcached状态


telnet $host $port(如果系统中找不到telnet请看附录1)


stats


5、安装libmemcached


wget https://launchpad.net/libmemcached/1.0/1.0.16/+download/libmemcached-1.0.16.tar.gz


tar -zxvf libmemcached-1.0.16.tar.gz


cd libmemcached-1.0.16


./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libmemcached


make && make install


注:1.0.17无法完成扩展编译,应使用1.0.16版本



6、安装memcahcedPHP扩展



wget http://pecl.PHP.net/get/memcached-2.2.0.tgz


tar -zxvf memcached-2.2.0.tgz


cd memcached-2.2.0



PHPize



./configure –with-PHP-config=/usr/local/PHP/bin/PHP-config –with-libmemcached-dir=/usr/local/libmemcached –disable-memcached-sasl


make && make test && make install



vim /usr/local/PHP/etc/PHP.ini



extension_dir = “./” 修改为:extension_dir = “/usr/local/PHP/lib/PHP/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-xxxxx/”


增加extension=memcached.so



五、安装Redis



1. 安装Redis



wget http://download.Redis.io/releases/Redis-2.8.10.tar.gz



tar -zxvfRedis-2.8.10.tar.gz && cdRedis-2.8.10


make & make install


2. 将配置文件复制到/etc/目录下



cpRedis.conf /etc/



3. 修改Redis后台运行配置



vim /etc/Redis.conf


将daemonize no修改为daemonize yes



4. 启动Redis



/usr/local/bin/Redis-server /etc/Redis.conf



执行ps -ef | grepRedis|grep -v grep


显示类似下面的信息则说明启动成功



root 27243 1 0 16:46 ? 00:00:00 /usr/local/bin/Redis-server /etc/Redis.conf



5. 安装PHP Redis
扩展



wget https://github.com/nicolasff/PHPRedis/archive/master.zip



unzip master && cdPHPRedis-master



/usr/local/PHP/bin/PHPize



./configure –with-PHP-config=/usr/local/PHP/bin/PHP-config


make && make install



6. 添加Redis.so至PHP.ini



vim /usr/local/PHP/etc/PHP.ini


添加:



extension=Redis.so



7. 重启apache 查看PHPinfo()中的Redis模块


附录1:


telnet: command not found:



最近在使用telnet命令时,telnet: command not found,使用rpm -qa | grep telnet 查看,原来是没有安装telnet ,使用yum install telnet-server安装,却报This system is not registered with RHN.错误,原因是因为红帽中没有注册RHN。解决办法:更改yum的源,即更换/etc/yum.repos.d /rhel-debuginfo.repo 这个文件。进入/etc/yum.repos.d/目录,终端中输入wget /2014th7cj/d/file/p/20180113/CentOS-Base.jpg Base.repo文件,这是centos的源文件,只需将其重命名为rhel-debuginfo.repo即可。yum install telnet-server telnet,安装完成后,编辑 # vim /etc/xinetd.d/telnet


找到 disable = yes 一行,将其改为: disable = no。重启服务:service xinetd restart。telnet使用成功。


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