Nginx之rpm安装-yellowcong

2018-02-05 10:45:31来源:oschina作者:天佑我儿人点击

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rpm的安装方式,相对于编译方式,简单了不少,直接通过 yum install nginx 肯定是不行的,因为yum没有nginx,所以首先把 nginx 的源加入 yum 中。然后使用yum install nginx完成安装,如果想要解压安装的,请看我上一篇Nginx之解压编译安装-yellowcong



添加 nginx源

nginx的镜像仓库地址:http://nginx.org/packages/


1.将nginx放到yum repro库中


rpm -ivh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm

这里写图片描述


2.查看包的信息


yum info nginx

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3.安装 nginx


yum install nginx

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4.启动nginx我这个是在docker的环境里面,直接使用nginx就完成了启动


#直接启动nginx
nginx
#物理机
service nginx start

5.查看nginx版本


nginx -v

6.查看nginx首页信息


curl localhost

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nginx常用操作
启动:

$ /usr/sbin/nginx或任意路径下运行service nginx start(centos7是systemctl start nginx.service )


#也可以直接输入nginx
nginx
#在service 中
service nginx start

重启:


nginx -s reload

停止:


nginx -s stop

测试配置文件是否正常:


nginx –t
nginx配置文件default.conf
#编辑nginx的配置文件
vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
配置负载均衡服务器:
vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
#Nginx创建进程所用用户和用户组
#user nobody;
usertesttest;
#进程数,一般等于CPU数量
worker_processes4;#错误日志,定义到warn级别比较合适
#error_log logs/error.log;
error_loglogs/error.logwarn;#指定pid存放文件
pid logs/nginx.pid;
events {
#使用网络IO模型linux建议epoll,FreeBSD建议采用kqueue
use epoll;
#允许最大连接数
worker_connections1024;
}
http {
includemime.types;
default_typeapplication/octet-stream;
#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
#关闭日志能够减少IO,但是建议开启error_log warn级别
#access_log logs/access.log main;
sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;
#HTTP连接的持续时间
keepalive_timeout30;
#压缩设置
gzipon;
gzip_typestext/javascript text/plain text/css application/xml application/x-javascript;
#Tomcat集群配置
upstream myserver {
#通过client的IP进行映射
ip_hash;
# 负载均衡设置,weight越大越优先分配
serverlocalhost:18080weight=5;
serverlocalhost:18081weight=4;
}
server {
listen8080; #监听的端口号
server_namelocalhost;
charset utf-8; #字符编码方式
#关闭日志能够减少IO
#access_log logs/host.access.log main;
location / {
root html;
indexindex.html index.htm;#代理配置
proxy_passhttp://myserver;
#关闭重定向
#proxy_redirect off;
}
#error_page 404 /404.html;
# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504/50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}
# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ /.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ /.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ //.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}
# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443;
# server_name localhost;# ssl on;
# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;# ssl_session_timeout 5m;# ssl_protocols SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;
# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}
}

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