1.8 httpd的用户认证

2018-02-27 11:04:48来源:oschina作者:脑洞老湿_人点击

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1.8 httpd的用户认证
vim /usr/local/apache2.4/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf //把111.com那个虚拟主机添加如下内容:

  
   DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com"
   ServerName www.111.com
    //指定认证的目录
    AllowOverride AuthConfig //这个相当于打开认证的开关
    AuthName "111.com user auth" //自定义认证的名字,作用不大
    AuthType Basic //认证的类型,一般为Basic,其他类型我没用过
    AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd//指定密码文件所在位置
    require valid-user //指定需要认证的用户为全部可用用户
   

  


/usr/local/apache2.4/bin/htpasswd -c -m /data/.htpasswd aming //创建密码文件
重新加载配置-t , graceful
绑定hosts,浏览器测试
curl -x127.0.0.1:80 www.111.com //状态码为401
curl -x127.0.0.1:80 -uaming:passwd www.111.com //状态码为200
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# vim /usr/local/apache2.4/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
……

# ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com
DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/abc.com"
ServerName abc.com
ServerAlias www.abc.com 123.com
ErrorLog "logs/abc.com-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/abc.com-access_log" common


# ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host2.example.com
DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com"
ServerName www.111.com
ServerAlias 111.com

AllowOverride AuthConfig
AuthName "111.com user auth"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd
require valid-user

ErrorLog "logs/111.com-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/111.com-access_log" common

[root@Dasoncheng ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/htpasswd -c -m /data/.htpasswd zhangsan
New password:
Re-type new password:
Adding password for user zhangsan
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/apachectl -t
Syntax OK
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/apachectl graceful
测试访问:
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# curl -x192.168.60.11:80 111.com


401 Unauthorized

Unauthorized


This server could not verify that you
are authorized to access the document
requested.Either you supplied the wrong
credentials (e.g., bad password), or your
browser doesn't understand how to supply
the credentials required.



[root@Dasoncheng ~]# curl -x192.168.60.11:80 111.com -I
HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized##遇到的第一个提示符401,需要验证账号;
Date: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 06:31:34 GMT
Server: Apache/2.4.27 (Unix) PHP/5.6.30
WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm="111.com user auth"
Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# curl -x192.168.60.11:80 111.com -uzhangsan:p@ssw0rd
111.com
[root@Dasoncheng ~]#

mark


1.8.2 针对单个页面进行验证:


 DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com"
 ServerName www.111.com
 
  AllowOverride AuthConfig
  AuthName "111.com user auth"
  AuthType Basic
  AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd
  require valid-user
 


[root@Dasoncheng ~]# vim /usr/local/apache2.4/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host2.example.com
DocumentRoot "/data/wwwroot/111.com"
ServerName www.111.com
ServerAlias 111.com
#

AllowOverride AuthConfig
AuthName "Please pass the auth for this page"
AuthType Basic
AuthUserFile /data/.htpasswd
require valid-user

#

ErrorLog "logs/111.com-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/111.com-access_log" common

[root@Dasoncheng ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/apachectl -t
Syntax OK
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# /usr/local/apache2.4/bin/apachectl graceful
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# vim /data/wwwroot/111.com/admin.php
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# cat /data/wwwroot/111.com/admin.php
<?php
echo "Welcome to the page of admin/n"
?>
测试访问admin页面:
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.60.11 www.abc.com www.111.com
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# curl www.111.com
111.com
[root@Dasoncheng ~]# curl www.111.com/admin.php


401 Unauthorized

Unauthorized


This server could not verify that you
are authorized to access the document
requested.Either you supplied the wrong
credentials (e.g., bad password), or your
browser doesn't understand how to supply
the credentials required.



[root@Dasoncheng ~]# curl www.111.com/admin.php -uzhangsan:p@ssw0rd
Welcome to the page of admin

mark

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