SqlServer和Oracle中一些常用的sql语句8 触发器和事务

2016-12-30 09:56:01来源:oschina作者:深圳大道人点击

--创建和执行事后触发器
--更新仓库备份表中记录时自动创建数据表且插入三条记录
create trigger db_trigger1 on 仓库备份 for update
as
begin
if Exists(select * from sys.sysobjectswhere id=OBJECT_ID('db_tabletriuser'))
drop table db_tabletriuser
else
begin
create table db_tabletriuser(
useridint identity(1,1) primary key,
usernamevarchar(50),
userpwd varchar(50)
)
insert into db_tabletriuser(username,userpwd) values('hy1','111')
insert into db_tabletriuser(username,userpwd) values('hy2','222')
insert into db_tabletriuser(username,userpwd) values('hy3','333')
end
end
--test
update 仓库备份 set 面积=面积-100 where 仓库号='wh1'
-----------------------------------------------------------
--删除功能触发器
--实现当删除职工表中的一条记录时,删除该职工所对应的订购单信息
Create trigger db_delete_trigger on 职工 for delete
as
begin
declare @t varchar(10)
select @t=职工号 from deleted
delete from 订购单 where 职工号=@t
end
--test
delete from职工 where 职工号 ='zg5'
-------------------------------------------------------
--更新功能触发器
--实现更新仓库表中一条记录的仓库号时,把职工表中对应的仓库号也进行修改
create trigger db_update_trigger on 仓库 for update
as
begin
declare @old char(10)
declare @new char(10)
select @new=仓库号 from inserted
select @old=仓库号 from deleted
update 职工 set 仓库号=@new where 仓库号=@old
end
--test
update 仓库 set 仓库号='modifywh2' where 仓库号='wh2'
------------------------------------------------------------
--嵌套触发器
--实现当删除仓库表中一个仓库信息时,同时删除该仓库中所有职工的信息
--同时触发删除该仓库所有职工的订购单信息
create trigger db_Text_trigger1 on 仓库 for delete
as
begin
declare @t varchar(10)
select @t=仓库号 fromdeleted
delete from 职工 where 仓库号=@t
end
create trigger db_Text_trigger2 on 职工 for delete
as
begin
delete from 订购单 where 职工号 in (select 职工号 from deleted)
end
--test
delete from 仓库 where 仓库号='wh1'
--------------------------------------------------------
--创建触发器实现在仓库备份表中插入,更新或删除记录时自动发送邮件
create trigger db_trigger2 on 仓库备份 for Insert,Update ,Delete
as
begin
execute xp_sendmail 'zhoufeng@163.com'
end
--禁用和启用触发器
--disable 禁用;Enable 启用
alter table 仓库备份
disable trigger db_trigger1
alter table 仓库备份
Enable trigger db_trigger1alter table 仓库备份
disable trigger db_trigger1, db_trigger2
alter table 仓库备份
Enable trigger all
--保护数据表不被修改和删除的触发器
create trigger db_DDL_trigger1
on database
for drop_table,Alter_table
as
begin
print '不能修改和删除当前数据库中的数据表!'
rollback
end
drop table 仓库备份
--保护数据库不被删除的触发器
create trigger db_DDL_trigger2
on all server
for drop_database
as
begin
print '不能删除当前服务器中的任何数据库'
rollback
end
drop databasedb_business
--记录数据库操作日志的触发器
create table 记录日志表
(
日志编号 int identity(1,1) primary key,
事件varchar(600) null,
所用语句 varchar(8000)null,
操作者varchar(60)null,
发生时间 datetime null
)
create trigger db_DDL_trigger3
on database
for DDL_Database_level_Events
as
begin
declare@log xml
set @log =Eventdata()
insert into 记录日志表(事件,所用语句,操作者,发生时间) values
(
@log.value('(/Event_Instance/EventType)[1]','nvarchar(100)'),
@log.value('(/Event_Instance/TSQLCommand)[1]','nvarchar(2000)'),
Convert(nvarchar(100),Current_user),
Getdate()
)
end
--test
create table db_table2
(
仓库编号int not null,
仓库号 varchar(50) not null,
城市 varchar(50) not null,
面积 int
)
select * from 记录日志表
------------------------------------------
--事务
begin transaction update_data
use db_business
go
update 职工备份 set 姓名='事务修改' where 职工号='zg2'
rollback transaction update_data --回滚
--test
select * from 职工备份
--------------------------
begin transaction update_data
use db_business
go
update 职工备份 set 姓名='事务修改' where 职工号='zg2'
commit transaction update_data --提交
--test
select * from 职工备份
BEGIN TRY
BEGIN TRANSACTION trans1 --开始事务 trans1称事务保存点可选(提交、回滚类似)
INSERTINTO dbo.TestTable( D_Name, D_Password, D_Else )VALUES( '11','22','33')
INSERTINTO dbo.TestTable( D_Name, D_Password, D_Else )VALUES( '11','22','33','4444')
COMMIT TRANSACTION trans1--提交事务
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
ROLLBACK TRANSACTION trans1--回滚事务 上面插入有误 全部回滚
END CATCH

最新文章

123

最新摄影

微信扫一扫

第七城市微信公众平台