Linux mint 下安装配置 LNMP

2017-01-05 11:10:14来源:oschina作者:天涯明月稻人点击

操作系统Linux mint 17.3 32位


1,安装mariadb


sudo apt-get install mariadb-server

安装过程中需要输入root账号的密码


安装完毕后需要配置编码为utf8以使数据库支持中文,解决中文输入输出或存储的乱码问题


打开mariadb的配置文件/etc/mysql/my.cnf并在相应的位置添加配置语句


[client]
default_character_set=utf8 #在[client]下添加该语句,如无标签,可自行添加
[mysqld]
character_set_server=utf8 #在[mysqld]下添加该语句,如无标签,可自行添加

修改完后,连接到数据库查看修改是否成功


mysql -u root -p
#输入密码

连接数据库后输入sql语句查询数据库编码


show variables like 'chara%';

得到如下结果,证明修改成功


+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| Variable_name | Value|
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| character_set_client | utf8|
| character_set_connection | utf8|
| character_set_database | utf8|
| character_set_filesystem | binary |
| character_set_results| utf8|
| character_set_server | utf8|
| character_set_system | utf8|
| character_sets_dir| /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+

2,安装nginx以及PHP


sudo apt-get install nginx php5-fpm php5 php5-mysql

修改nginx的配置文件/etc/nginx/sites-available/default,进行如下修改


server {
#listen 80 default_server; #注释掉该行
#listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on; #注释掉该行
listen 127.0.0.1; #添加该行
index index.html index.htm index.php;#添加index.php
.......location ~ /.php$ {#取消该行注释
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;#取消该行注释 fastcgi_index index.php;#取消该行注释
include fastcgi_params;#取消该行注释
}

修改php配置文件/etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf


listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1#取消该行注释
#listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock#注释该行
listen = 9000 #添加该行

至此修改完成,可以进行测试,在目录/usr/share/nginx/html下添加php文件 index.php,文件内容如下


<?php
phpinfo();
?>

启动或重启nginx服务器和php-fpm服务(如果php5-fpm服务没找到,可以按文后方式修改)


sudo service nginx start#启动nginx
sudo service nginx restart#重启nginx
sudo service php5-fpm start #启动php5-fpm服务
sudo service php5-fpm restart#重启php5-fpm服务

打开浏览器,访问地址http://localhost/index.php ,页面如下示则证明配置成功


PS,解决找不到php5-fpm服务问题


备份/etc/init.d/php5-fpm到别的目录(可以复制到用户本地目录备份)


在该目录下新建 一个php5-fpm文件,并复制以下内容到文件内保存


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Nginx-PHP5-FPM-Restart-Fix-on-Ubuntu/php5-fpm
589b0a0 on 19 Nov 2014
@AbhishekGhosh AbhishekGhosh Create php5-fpm
173 lines (159 sloc) 4.43 KB
#!/bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: php-fpm php5-fpm
# Required-Start:$remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $network
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts php5-fpm
# Description:Fix PHP5 FastCGI Process Manager Daemon on Ubuntu
# Author: Dr. Abhishek Ghosh
# Copyleft: GNU GPL 3.0
# Tested with:Ubuntu 14.10
# Tested Webhosts: DigitalOcean, HPCloud, Amazon, I can not give warrenty about Rackspace
### END INIT INFO
# Author: Ondrej Sury
PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
DESC="PHP5 FastCGI Process Manager"
NAME=php5-fpm
DAEMON=/usr/sbin/$NAME
DAEMON_ARGS="--fpm-config /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf"
PIDFILE=/var/run/php5-fpm.pid
TIMEOUT=30
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME
# Exit if the package is not installed
[ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0
# Read configuration variable file if it is present
[ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] && . /etc/default/$NAME
# Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
. /lib/init/vars.sh
# Define LSB log_* functions.
# Depend on lsb-base (>= 3.0-6) to ensure that this file is present.
. /lib/lsb/init-functions
#
# Function to check the correctness of the config file
#
do_check()
{
[ "$1" != "no" ] && $DAEMON $DAEMON_ARGS -t 2>&1 | grep -v "/[ERROR/]"
FPM_ERROR=$($DAEMON $DAEMON_ARGS -t 2>&1 | grep "/[ERROR/]")
if [ -n "${FPM_ERROR}" ]; then
echo "Please fix your configuration file..."
$DAEMON $DAEMON_ARGS -t 2>&1 | grep "/[ERROR/]"
return 1
fi
return 0
}
#
# Function that starts the daemon/service
#
do_start()
{
# Return
# 0 if daemon has been started
# 1 if daemon was already running
# 2 if daemon could not be started
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON --test > /dev/null /
|| return 1
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON -- /
$DAEMON_ARGS 2>/dev/null /
|| return 2
# Add code here, if necessary, that waits for the process to be ready
# to handle requests from services started subsequently which depend
# on this one.As a last resort, sleep for some time.
}
#
# Function that stops the daemon/service
#
do_stop()
{
# Return
# 0 if daemon has been stopped
# 1 if daemon was already stopped
# 2 if daemon could not be stopped
# other if a failure occurred
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --retry=QUIT/$TIMEOUT/TERM/5/KILL/5 --pidfile $PIDFILE --name $NAME
RETVAL="$?"
[ "$RETVAL" = 2 ] && return 2
# Wait for children to finish too if this is a daemon that forks
# and if the daemon is only ever run from this initscript.
# If the above conditions are not satisfied then add some other code
# that waits for the process to drop all resources that could be
# needed by services started subsequently.A last resort is to
# sleep for some time.
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo --retry=0/30/TERM/5/KILL/5 --exec $DAEMON
[ "$?" = 2 ] && return 2
# Many daemons don't delete their pidfiles when they exit.
rm -f $PIDFILE
return "$RETVAL"
}
#
# Function that sends a SIGHUP to the daemon/service
#
do_reload() {
#
# If the daemon can reload its configuration without
# restarting (for example, when it is sent a SIGHUP),
# then implement that here.
#
start-stop-daemon --stop --signal USR2 --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --name $NAME
return 0
}
case "$1" in
start)
[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
do_check $VERBOSE
case "$?" in
0)
do_start
case "$?" in
0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
esac
;;
1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
esac
;;
stop)
[ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
do_stop
case "$?" in
0|1) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 0 ;;
2) [ "$VERBOSE" != no ] && log_end_msg 1 ;;
esac
;;
status)
status_of_proc "$DAEMON" "$NAME" && exit 0 || exit $?
;;
check)
do_check yes
;;
reload|force-reload)
log_daemon_msg "Reloading $DESC" "$NAME"
do_reload
log_end_msg $?
;;
restart)
log_daemon_msg "Restarting $DESC" "$NAME"
do_stop
case "$?" in
0|1)
do_start
case "$?" in
0) log_end_msg 0 ;;
1) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Old process is still running
*) log_end_msg 1 ;; # Failed to start
esac
;;
*)
# Failed to stop
log_end_msg 1
;;
esac
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|status|restart|reload|force-reload}" >&2
exit 1
;;
esac
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然后重启计算机,修改生效,就可以使用上述的命令启动php5-fpm服务了,也可以使用以下命令进行启动与重启


sudo /etc/init.d/php5-fpm start#启动
sudo /etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart#重启

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