CentOS7脱机安装SQL Server 2017

2017-12-18 18:35:08来源:cnblogs.com作者:FishParadise人点击

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SQL Server on Linux也发布一段时间了,官方上支持Red Hat, SUSE, Ubuntu。手上没有以上Linux版本,选用了与Red Hat最接近的CentOS7.4来进行安装和测试。

 

1. 环境

Linux: CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)Memory: 4 GBSQL Server: SQL Server 2017 (RC2) - 14.0.900.75 (X64)  

2. 安装mssql-server

2.1 下载rpm包

[root@134test /opt]# mkdir -p /opt/sqlserver2017
[root@134test /opt]# cd /opt/sqlserver2017/
[root@134test /opt]# wget https://packages.microsoft.com/rhel/7/mssql-server/mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm

 

2.2 yum安装

[root@134test /opt/sqlserver2017]# yum localinstall mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Repository base is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository updates is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository extras is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository centosplus is listed more than once in the configuration
Examining mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm: mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64
Marking mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mssql-server.x86_64 0:14.0.900.75-1 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

===========================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                             Arch                          Version                                 Repository                                                 Size
===========================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mssql-server                        x86_64                        14.0.900.75-1                           /mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64                        870 M

Transaction Summary
===========================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total size: 870 M
Installed size: 870 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64                                                                                                                       1/1

+--------------------------------------------------------------+
Please run 'sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup'
to complete the setup of Microsoft SQL Server
+--------------------------------------------------------------+

  Verifying  : mssql-server-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64                                                                                                                       1/1

Installed:
  mssql-server.x86_64 0:14.0.900.75-1                                                                                                                                      

Complete! 

2.3 配置

[root@134test /opt/mssql/bin]# /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup
The license terms for this product can be found in
/usr/share/doc/mssql-server or downloaded from:
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=852741&clcid=0x409

The privacy statement can be viewed at:
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=853010&clcid=0x409

Do you accept the license terms? [Yes/No]:YES

Choose an edition of SQL Server:
  1) Evaluation (free, no production use rights, 180-day limit)
  2) Developer (free, no production use rights)
  3) Express (free)
  4) Web (PAID)
  5) Standard (PAID)
  6) Enterprise (PAID)
  7) I bought a license through a retail sales channel and have a product key to enter.

Details about editions can be found at
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=852748&clcid=0x409

Use of PAID editions of this software requires separate licensing through a
Microsoft Volume Licensing program.
By choosing a PAID edition, you are verifying that you have the appropriate
number of licenses in place to install and run this software.

Enter your edition(1-7): 2
Enter the SQL Server system administrator password:
Confirm the SQL Server system administrator password:
Configuring SQL Server...

This is an evaluation version.  There are [40] days left in the evaluation period.
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mssql-server.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mssql-server.service.
Setup has completed successfully. SQL Server is now starting. 注意评估版本有使用期限。 

2.4 验证服务

[root@134test /opt/mssql/bin]# systemctl status mssql-server
● mssql-server.service - Microsoft SQL Server Database Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mssql-server.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2017-12-14 18:25:03 CST; 1min 23s ago
     Docs: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/linux
 Main PID: 56504 (sqlservr)
   CGroup: /system.slice/mssql-server.service
           ├─56504 /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr
           └─56525 /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr

Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.36 Server      Server is listening on [ ::1 <ipv6> 1434].
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.37 Server      Server is listening on [ 127.0.0.1 <ipv4> 1434].
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.37 Server      Dedicated admin connection support was established for listening locally on port 1434.
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.38 spid19s     SQL Server is now ready for client connections. This is an informational message; ... required.
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.42 spid9s      Starting up database 'tempdb'.
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.61 spid9s      The tempdb database has 1 data file(s).
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.61 spid20s     The Service Broker endpoint is in disabled or stopped state.
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.62 spid20s     The Database Mirroring endpoint is in disabled or stopped state.
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.62 spid20s     Service Broker manager has started.
Dec 14 18:25:10 134test sqlservr[56504]: 2017-12-14 18:25:10.63 spid6s      Recovery is complete. This is an informational message only. No user action is required.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.


2.5 停止、启动或重启 SQL Server 服务
systemctl stop mssql-server
systemctl start mssql-server
systemctl restart mssql-server

2.6 日志文件
/var/opt/mssql/log/errorlog



3. 安装 sqlcmd 和 bcp SQL Server 命令行工具

3.1 下载

wget https://packages.microsoft.com/rhel/7.3/prod/msodbcsql-13.1.6.0-1.x86_64.rpm
wget https://packages.microsoft.com/rhel/7.3/prod/mssql-tools-14.0.5.0-1.x86_64.rpm

3.2 安装

yum localinstall msodbcsql-13.1.6.0-1.x86_64.rpm
yum localinstall mssql-tools-14.0.5.0-1.x86_64.rpm

3.3 添加到环境变量

[root@134test /opt]# echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile
[root@134test /opt]# source ~/.bash_profile
[root@134test /opt]# echo 'export PATH="$PATH:/opt/mssql-tools/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc
[root@134test /opt]# source ~/.bashrc


3.4 本地连接

[root@134test /opt/mssql/bin]# sqlcmd -S localhost -U sa
Password:
1> select name from sys.databases;
2> go
name                                                                                                                            
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
master                                                                                                                          
tempdb                                                                                                                          
model                                                                                                                           
msdb                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

(5 rows affected)
1>
1>create database TestDB;
2>go
1>

1> use TestDB;
2> go
Changed database context to 'TestDB'.
1> create table t1 (id int, cname nvarchar(50))
2> go
1>
1> insert into t1 (id, cname) values (1,'abc');
2> go

(1 rows affected)
1> select * from t1;
2> go
id          cname                                             
----------- --------------------------------------------------
          1 abc                                               

(1 rows affected)
1>

3.5 退出

1> quit


4. 安装SQL Server Agent

4.1 下载

wget https://packages.microsoft.com/rhel/7/mssql-server/mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm

 

4.2 安装

[root@134test /opt/sqlserver2017]# yum localinstall mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Repository base is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository updates is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository extras is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository centosplus is listed more than once in the configuration
Examining mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm: mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64
Marking mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mssql-server-agent.x86_64 0:14.0.900.75-1 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

===========================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                Arch                       Version                              Repository                                                    Size
===========================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mssql-server-agent                     x86_64                     14.0.900.75-1                        /mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64                     8.9 M

Transaction Summary
===========================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total size: 8.9 M
Installed size: 8.9 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64                                                                                                                 1/1

+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Please restart mssql-server to enable Microsoft SQL Server Agent.
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

  Verifying  : mssql-server-agent-14.0.900.75-1.x86_64                                                                                                                 1/1

Installed:
  mssql-server-agent.x86_64 0:14.0.900.75-1                                                                                                                                

Complete!


5. 在Windows上使用SSMS连接数据库

Figure-1:SSMS连接Linux下的数据库

Figure-2:查询版本信息

SELECT @@VERSION;GOMicrosoft SQL Server 2017 (RC2) - 14.0.900.75 (X64)    Jul 27 2017 08:53:49    Copyright (C) 2017 Microsoft Corporation    Developer Edition (64-bit) on Linux (CentOS Linux 7 (Core))

Figure-3:查询数据

发现Red Gate部分功能不能使用。rpm包安装无法指定安装目录。

 

6. 参考

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/sql-server/sql-server-2017
https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/sql/linux/quickstart-install-connect-red-hat
https://packages.microsoft.com/rhel/7/mssql-server/
https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/sql/linux/sql-server-linux-troubleshooting-guide    

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