HBase客户端API-过滤器

2018-02-03 10:26:30来源:http://blog.csdn.net/kongxx/article/details/79223790作者:kongxx的专栏人点击

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在使用HBase的API查询数据的时候,我们经常需要设置一些过滤条件来查询数据,这个时候我们就需要使用 HBase API 的各种 Filter 来实现这一功能。


在 HBase API 中使用过滤器需要创建一个 Filter 实例,然后使用Scan.setFilter()或者Get.setFilter()来使用 Filter,如下:


Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(TABLE_NAME));
Scan scan = new Scan();
Filter filter = new RowFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("row_2")));
scan.setFilter(filter);
ResultScanner resultScanner = table.getScanner(scan);
Iterator<Result> it = resultScanner.iterator();
while (it.hasNext()) {
Result result = it.next();
printRow(result);
}
resultScanner.close();
table.close();

在 HBase API 中提供了大量的 Filter 实现,比如一些常见的 Filter:


RowFilter: 过滤指定的行记录
FamilyFilter: 过滤指定的列族,其它列族返回null
QualifierFilter: 过滤指定的列,其它列返回null
ValueFilter: 过滤指定的值,,其它列返回null
SingleColumnValueFilter: 单列值过滤器
SingleColumnValueExcludeFilter: 单列值排除过滤器,被排除的列返回null
PageFilter: 分页过滤器
ColumnPaginationFilter: 列分页过滤器

在 HBase API 提供了一些常用比较运算符,这些写比较器可以用来比较过滤器中的值,如:


CompareOperator.LESS
CompareOperator.LESS_OR_EQUAL
CompareOperator.EQUAL
CompareOperator.NOT_EQUAL
CompareOperator.GREATOR
CompareOperator.GREATOR_OR_EQUAL
CompareOperator.NO_OP

在 HBase API 还提供了一些常用比较器,这些写比较器可以用来比较过滤器中的值,如:


BinaryComparator
RegexStringComparator
NullComparator
SubstringComparator

下面是一段完整的列子是怎样,看看使用各种 Filter


package my.hbasestudy;
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.CompareOperator;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.TableName;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.*;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.exceptions.DeserializationException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.*;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
public class TestFilter {
private static final String TABLE_NAME = "user";
private static final String COLUMN_FAMILY_BASE = "base";
private static final String COLUMN_FAMILY_ADDRESS = "address";
private static final String COLUMN_USERNAME = "username";
private static final String COLUMN_PASSWORD = "password";
private static final String COLUMN_HOME = "home";
private static final String COLUMN_OFFICE = "office";
private Connection connection;
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
Configuration config = HBaseConfiguration.create();
Connection connection = ConnectionFactory.createConnection(config);
TestFilter t = new TestFilter(connection);
t.test();
connection.close();
}
public TestFilter(Connection connection) {
this.connection = connection;
}
private void test() throws IOException, DeserializationException {
createTable();
prepare();
System.out.println("---------- Row Filter ----------");
filter(new RowFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("row_2"))));
filter(new RowFilter(CompareOperator.LESS_OR_EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("row_5"))));
filter(new RowFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new RegexStringComparator("row_*")));
System.out.println("---------- Family Filter ----------");
filter(new FamilyFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("base"))));
filter(new FamilyFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new RegexStringComparator("address*")));
System.out.println("---------- Column Filter ----------");
filter(new QualifierFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("username"))));
filter(new QualifierFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new RegexStringComparator("home*")));
System.out.println("---------- Value Filter ----------");
filter(new ValueFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("user_0"))));
filter(new ValueFilter(CompareOperator.EQUAL, new RegexStringComparator("password_*")));
System.out.println("---------- Single Column Value Filter ----------");
filter(new SingleColumnValueFilter(Bytes.toBytes("base"), Bytes.toBytes("username"),
CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("user_0"))));
System.out.println("---------- Single Column Value Exclude Filter ----------");
filter(new SingleColumnValueExcludeFilter(Bytes.toBytes("base"), Bytes.toBytes("username"),
CompareOperator.EQUAL, new BinaryComparator(Bytes.toBytes("user_0"))));
deleteTable();
}
private void createTable() throws IOException {
Admin admin = connection.getAdmin();
try {
TableDescriptor tableDesc = TableDescriptorBuilder.newBuilder(TableName.valueOf(TABLE_NAME))
.addColumnFamily(ColumnFamilyDescriptorBuilder.newBuilder(Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_FAMILY_BASE)).build())
.addColumnFamily(ColumnFamilyDescriptorBuilder.newBuilder(Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_FAMILY_ADDRESS)).build())
.build();
admin.createTable(tableDesc);
} finally {
admin.close();
}
}
private void deleteTable() throws IOException {
Admin admin = connection.getAdmin();
try {
admin.disableTable(TableName.valueOf(TABLE_NAME));
admin.deleteTable(TableName.valueOf(TABLE_NAME));
} finally {
admin.close();
}
}
private void prepare() throws IOException {
Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(TABLE_NAME));
List<Row> actions = new ArrayList<Row>();
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
Put put = new Put(Bytes.toBytes("row_" + i));
put.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_FAMILY_BASE), Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_USERNAME), Bytes.toBytes("user_" + i));
put.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_FAMILY_BASE), Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_PASSWORD), Bytes.toBytes("password_" + i));
put.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_FAMILY_ADDRESS), Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_HOME), Bytes.toBytes("home_" + i));
put.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_FAMILY_ADDRESS), Bytes.toBytes(COLUMN_OFFICE), Bytes.toBytes("office_" + i));
actions.add(put);
}
Object[] results = new Object[actions.size()];
try {
table.batch(actions, results);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
table.close();
}
private void filter(Filter filter) throws IOException {
Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(TABLE_NAME));
Scan scan = new Scan();
scan.setFilter(filter);
ResultScanner resultScanner = table.getScanner(scan);
Iterator<Result> it = resultScanner.iterator();
while (it.hasNext()) {
Result result = it.next();
printRow(result);
}
resultScanner.close();
table.close();
}
private void printRow(Result result) {
if (Bytes.toString(result.getRow()) != null) {
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append(Bytes.toString(result.getRow()));
sb.append("[");
sb.append("base:username=" + Bytes.toString(result.getValue(Bytes.toBytes("base"), Bytes.toBytes("username"))));
sb.append(", base:password=" + Bytes.toString(result.getValue(Bytes.toBytes("base"), Bytes.toBytes("password"))));
sb.append(", address:home=" + Bytes.toString(result.getValue(Bytes.toBytes("address"), Bytes.toBytes("home"))));
sb.append(", address:office=" + Bytes.toString(result.getValue(Bytes.toBytes("address"), Bytes.toBytes("office"))));
sb.append("]");
System.out.println(sb.toString());
}
}
}

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