Ubuntu 14.10下源码编译安装Nginx 1.8.0

2017-01-07 08:43:16来源:CSDN作者:len_yue_mo_fu人点击

本文参考地址:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-05/117654.htm仅供学习使用

1、更新系统Ubuntu Server 14.10

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

2、安装nginx的依赖包 zlib pcre openssl(可以源码安装也可以直接系统安装)

sudo apt-get install libpcre3 libpcre3-dev zlib1g-dev libssl-dev build-essential

3、下载openssl源码包

wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2a.tar.gz

sudo tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.2a.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

cd /usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2a/

sudo ./config

sudo make && sudo make install

4、下载nginx源码包

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz

sudo tar -zxvf nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/

cd /usr/local/src/nginx-1.8.0

sudo ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –with-openssl=/usr/include/openssl

sudo make && sudo make install

5、配置nginx 开机服务。

默认这么安装好以后每次检查配置、重启之类的操作略麻烦,所以我们模仿 Ubuntu 14.04 官方源,给系统设置个 nginx 服务,方便我们检查配置、启动重启关闭 Nginx 以及开机自动启动 Nginx

sudo vim /etc/init.d/nginx

插入如下内容:

#!/bin/sh### BEGIN INIT INFO# Provides:          nginx# Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs $network $syslog# Required-Stop:    $local_fs $remote_fs $network $syslog# Default-Start:    2 3 4 5# Default-Stop:      0 1 6# Short-Description: starts the nginx web server# Description:      starts nginx using start-stop-daemon### END INIT INFOPATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/binDAEMON=/usr/sbin/nginxNAME=nginxDESC=nginx# Include nginx defaults if availableif [ -f /etc/default/nginx ]; then  . /etc/default/nginxfitest -x $DAEMON || exit 0set -e. /lib/lsb/init-functionstest_nginx_config() {  if $DAEMON -t $DAEMON_OPTS >/dev/null 2>&1; then      return 0  else      $DAEMON -t $DAEMON_OPTS      return $?  fi}case "$1" in  start)      echo -n "Starting $DESC: "      test_nginx_config      # Check if the ULIMIT is set in /etc/default/nginx      if [ -n "$ULIMIT" ]; then        # Set the ulimits        ulimit $ULIMIT      fi      start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile /var/run/$NAME.pid /          --exec $DAEMON -- $DAEMON_OPTS || true      echo "$NAME."      ;;  stop)      echo -n "Stopping $DESC: "      start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --pidfile /var/run/$NAME.pid /          --exec $DAEMON || true      echo "$NAME."      ;;  restart|force-reload)      echo -n "Restarting $DESC: "      start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --pidfile /          /var/run/$NAME.pid --exec $DAEMON || true      sleep 1      test_nginx_config      # Check if the ULIMIT is set in /etc/default/nginx      if [ -n "$ULIMIT" ]; then        # Set the ulimits        ulimit $ULIMIT      fi      start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile /          /var/run/$NAME.pid --exec $DAEMON -- $DAEMON_OPTS || true      echo "$NAME."      ;;  reload)      echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration: "      test_nginx_config      start-stop-daemon --stop --signal HUP --quiet --pidfile /var/run/$NAME.pid /          --exec $DAEMON || true      echo "$NAME."      ;;  configtest|testconfig)      echo -n "Testing $DESC configuration: "      if test_nginx_config; then        echo "$NAME."      else        exit $?      fi      ;;  status)      status_of_proc -p /var/run/$NAME.pid "$DAEMON" nginx && exit 0 || exit $?      ;;  *)      echo "Usage: $NAME {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload|status|configtest}" >&2      exit 1      ;;esacexit 0

注意要设置好nginx的启动路径 DAEMON=/usr/sbin/nginx

6、设置文件权限并增加到系统服务

sudo chmod +x ./nginx

sudo update-rc.d nginx defaults

7、启动nginx

sudo /etc/init.d/nginx

CentOS 6.2实战部署Nginx+MySQL+PHP http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/90020.htm

使用Nginx搭建WEB服务器 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89768.htm

搭建基于Linux6.3+Nginx1.2+PHP5+MySQL5.5的Web服务器全过程 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89692.htm

CentOS 6.3下Nginx性能调优 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89656.htm

CentOS 6.3下配置Nginx加载ngx_pagespeed模块 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-09/89657.htm

CentOS 6.4安装配置Nginx+Pcre+php-fpm http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-08/88984.htm

Nginx安装配置使用详细笔记 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104499.htm

Nginx日志过滤 使用ngx_log_if不记录特定日志 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104686.htm

Nginx 的详细介绍:请点这里
Nginx 的下载地址:请点这里

更多Ubuntu相关信息见Ubuntu 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=2

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