在windows平台使用Apache James搭建邮件服务器以及使用C#向外网发送邮件

2017-12-26 19:18:34来源:cnblogs.com作者:猎美人点击

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首先环境搭建:

1、下载安装JDK,并且配置环境变量

2、下载Apache James ,下载解压之后的目录如图

双击bin下边的run.bat批处理文件安装James 服务,提示如下信息说明安装成功:

Using PHOENIX_HOME:   C:/jamesUsing PHOENIX_TMPDIR: C:/james/tempUsing JAVA_HOME: Phoenix 4.0.1 james 2.3.2.1Remote Manager Service started plain:4555POP3 Service started plain:110SMTP Service started plain:25NNTP Service DisabledFetch POP Disabled

安装之后如图所示:

 修改E:/james-2.3.2.1/apps/james/SAR-INF/config.xml文件

将配置文件中的

········<postmaster>Postmaster@localhost</postmaster>··········· <servernames autodetect="false" autodetectIP="false"><!-- CONFIRM? -->         <servername>localhost</servername>      </servernames>

中的localhost修改为自己的域名,这里假设修改为star.com,如果开通账号为zsf的话那么邮件地址就是zsf@star.com,并且将autodetectIP修改为false。修改结果如下:

·····<postmaster>Postmaster@star.com</postmaster>······<servernames autodetect="false" autodetectIP="false"><!-- CONFIRM? -->         <servername>star.com</servername>      </servernames>

找到配置项:

<mailet match="RemoteAddrNotInNetwork=127.0.0.1" class="ToProcessor">       <processor> relay-denied </processor>       <notice>550 - Requested action not taken: relaying denied</notice>   </mailet> 

注释掉该配置项

找到下面的配置项,去掉注释:

<authRequired>true</authRequired>

这样的话访问邮箱就需要账号验证才行。

在控制台中输入命令行telnet localhsot 4555 进入James的控制台

提示输入Login ID和Password

Login ID 和Password在之前修改的配置文件中设置,找到节点

 <account login="root" password="!changeme!"/>

root就是Login ID,可以在此处修改登录的账号密码。登录成功之后提示:

Welcome root. HELP for a list of commands

输入 help 就可以查看James的相关命令

输入 adduser liemei 123456 回车就可以添加一个新的用户,用户的邮箱就是liemei@star.com,

账号就是liemei 密码是123456。

到目前为止基本的Apache James配置已经完成,但是要向外网如163邮箱发送邮件,还有一些问题,因为James的SMTP 服务默认在 25 端口启动,POP3 服务默认在 110 端口启动, NNTP 服务默认在 119 端口启动,所以如果想要在外网正常使用需要配置防火墙允许这些端口通过,配置的位置在防火墙高级设置,添加入站规则,如图

下一步就是在路由器中配置对应的外网映射,将域名star.com对应的外网IP地址映射到邮件服务器上,端口一一对应即可。

使用C#发送邮件测试

string senderServerIp = "xxx.xx.xx.x";  //域名star.com对应的外网IP                string toMailAddress = "liushuaichao159@163.com";                string fromMailAddress = "liemei@star.com";                string subjectInfo = "Test sending e_mail";                string bodyInfo = "Hello Eric, This is my first testing e_mail";                string mailUsername = "liemei";                string mailPassword = "123456"; //发送邮箱的密码()                string mailPort = "25";                string attachPath = "";                 MyEmail email = new MyEmail(senderServerIp, toMailAddress, fromMailAddress, subjectInfo, bodyInfo, mailUsername, mailPassword, mailPort, false, false);                email.AddAttachments(attachPath);                email.Send();

发送邮件类:

 class MyEmail    {        private MailMessage mMailMessage;   //主要处理发送邮件的内容(如:收发人地址、标题、主体、图片等等)        private SmtpClient mSmtpClient; //主要处理用smtp方式发送此邮件的配置信息(如:邮件服务器、发送端口号、验证方式等等)        private int mSenderPort;   //发送邮件所用的端口号(htmp协议默认为25)        private string mSenderServerHost;    //发件箱的邮件服务器地址(IP形式或字符串形式均可)        private string mSenderPassword;    //发件箱的密码        private string mSenderUsername;   //发件箱的用户名(即@符号前面的字符串,例如:hello@163.com,用户名为:hello)        private bool mEnableSsl;    //是否对邮件内容进行socket层加密传输        private bool mEnablePwdAuthentication;  //是否对发件人邮箱进行密码验证        ///<summary>        /// 构造函数        ///</summary>        ///<param name="server">发件箱的邮件服务器地址</param>        ///<param name="toMail">收件人地址(可以是多个收件人,程序中是以“;"进行区分的)</param>        ///<param name="fromMail">发件人地址</param>        ///<param name="subject">邮件标题</param>        ///<param name="emailBody">邮件内容(可以以html格式进行设计)</param>        ///<param name="username">发件箱的用户名(即@符号前面的字符串,例如:hello@163.com,用户名为:hello)</param>        ///<param name="password">发件人邮箱密码</param>        ///<param name="port">发送邮件所用的端口号(htmp协议默认为25)</param>        ///<param name="sslEnable">true表示对邮件内容进行socket层加密传输,false表示不加密</param>        ///<param name="pwdCheckEnable">true表示对发件人邮箱进行密码验证,false表示不对发件人邮箱进行密码验证</param>        public MyEmail(string server, string toMail, string fromMail, string subject, string emailBody, string username, string password, string port, bool sslEnable, bool pwdCheckEnable)        {            try            {                mMailMessage = new MailMessage();                mMailMessage.To.Add(toMail);                mMailMessage.From = new MailAddress(fromMail);                mMailMessage.Subject = subject;                mMailMessage.Body = emailBody;                mMailMessage.IsBodyHtml = true;                mMailMessage.BodyEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;                mMailMessage.Priority = MailPriority.Normal;                this.mSenderServerHost = server;                this.mSenderUsername = username;                this.mSenderPassword = password;                this.mSenderPort = Convert.ToInt32(port);                this.mEnableSsl = sslEnable;                this.mEnablePwdAuthentication = pwdCheckEnable;            }            catch (Exception ex)            {                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());            }        }        ///<summary>        /// 添加附件        ///</summary>        ///<param name="attachmentsPath">附件的路径集合,以分号分隔</param>        public void AddAttachments(string attachmentsPath)        {            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(attachmentsPath))                return;            try            {                string[] path = attachmentsPath.Split(';'); //以什么符号分隔可以自定义                Attachment data;                ContentDisposition disposition;                for (int i = 0; i < path.Length; i++)                {                    data = new Attachment(path[i], MediaTypeNames.Application.Octet);                    disposition = data.ContentDisposition;                    disposition.CreationDate = File.GetCreationTime(path[i]);                    disposition.ModificationDate = File.GetLastWriteTime(path[i]);                    disposition.ReadDate = File.GetLastAccessTime(path[i]);                    mMailMessage.Attachments.Add(data);                }            }            catch (Exception ex)            {                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());            }        }        ///<summary>        /// 邮件的发送        ///</summary>        public void Send()        {            try            {                if (mMailMessage != null)                {                    mSmtpClient = new SmtpClient();                    //mSmtpClient.Host = "smtp." + mMailMessage.From.Host;                    mSmtpClient.Host = this.mSenderServerHost;                    mSmtpClient.Port = this.mSenderPort;                    mSmtpClient.UseDefaultCredentials = false;                    mSmtpClient.EnableSsl = this.mEnableSsl;                    if (this.mEnablePwdAuthentication)                    {                        System.Net.NetworkCredential nc = new System.Net.NetworkCredential(this.mSenderUsername, this.mSenderPassword);                        //mSmtpClient.Credentials = new System.Net.NetworkCredential(this.mSenderUsername, this.mSenderPassword);                        //NTLM: Secure Password Authentication in Microsoft Outlook Express                        mSmtpClient.Credentials = nc.GetCredential(mSmtpClient.Host, mSmtpClient.Port, "NTLM");                    }                    else                    {                        mSmtpClient.Credentials = new System.Net.NetworkCredential(this.mSenderUsername, this.mSenderPassword);                    }                    mSmtpClient.DeliveryMethod = System.Net.Mail.SmtpDeliveryMethod.Network;                    mSmtpClient.Send(mMailMessage);                }            }            catch (Exception ex)            {                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());            }        }    }

发送完邮件之后登陆163邮箱就可以看到已经收到了刚刚发送的邮件,如图

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