在同一个服务器(同一个IP)为不同域名绑定的免费SSL证书

2018-02-23 21:18:00来源:cnblogs.com作者:一叶浮萍人点击

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越来越多的浏览器不在支持http协议了,这就要求你为你的网站必须绑定SSL证书。谷歌浏览器也将要在今年取消对http协议的支持,申请CA证书迫在眉睫。我购买有两个域名,一个虚拟机,没事鼓捣鼓捣,图个乐趣。在阿里云申请了免费证书,一直用的好好的。这次过年恰遇证书更新,想一起把所有域名都升级到https。购买两个证书分别绑定域名。顺带说一下如何阿里云购买免费域名,现在已经不太容易找到免费域名购买按钮了。

【动图示意购买免费CA】

购买完成,并分别绑定www.a.com和www.b.com 后,访问a.com一直提示CA错误,发现CA证书来自www.b.com 一度怀疑自己绑定错误了域名,吊销证书又重新购买,问题依旧。在IE中没有有用的提示信息,在谷歌中会提示证书错误,且可以发现错误证书信息:

这个问题早在2012年就被发现并且提出的解决办法,参考英文请点击跳转。 阿里云的解决方案。

Problem

As more e-commerce sites come on line and more businesses are storing and sharing sensitive documents online, the ability to host and scale secure sites are increasingly more important. Prior to Windows Server 2012, there were a couple of challenges when it comes to hosting secure sites:

随着更多电子商务网站上线,越来越多的企业在线存储和分享敏感信息,托管和确保安全网站的能力变得尤为重要,win server 2012之前,当托管SSL站点时有两个挑战:

SSL Scalability: In a multi-tenanted environment, such as a shared hosting, there is a limitation as to how many secure sites can be hosted on Windows Server, resulting in a low site-density.

SSL的可伸缩性:在多站点环境下,比如一个共享的服务器,托管的安全网站数量收到限制(只允许一个),导致安全网站密度很低。

IPv4 scarcity: Because the network end-point can only be identified with IP:Port binding, where tenants request to use the standard SSL port, 443, hosting a secure site often means offering a dedicated IP address per tenant.

IPv4地址不足,因为互联网上的一个终端仅能靠一对IP:Port来访问,当每个站点使用标准端口443时,意味着需要为每一个站点提供专用的IP地址。

Solution

On Windows Server 2012, IIS supports Server Name Indication (SNI), which is a TLS extension to include a virtual domain as a part of SSL negotiation. What this effectively means is that the virtual domain name, or a hostname, can now be used to identify the network end point. In addition, a highly scalable WebHosting store has been created to complement SNI. The result is that the secure site density is much higher on Windows Server 2012 and it is achieved with just one IP address.

It should be noted that in order for this feature to be used, your client browsers have to support SNI. Most modern browsers support SNI; however, Internet Explorer (of any version) on Windows XP does not support SNI.

解决方案是针对win server 2012的II7-IIS8,具体办法可以参考原文,本文仅针对IIS8.5来说明:

文中提到的SNI(Server Name Indication)中文名称是:需要服务器名称指示(如图), 这是一个一般人很难理解的中文翻译,记住,他就是SNI。

另外非常重要的是:

  1. 无论你访问任指向本服务器的域名,如果所有网站都没有勾选SNI,那么任何针对这个IP:Port的CA请求,都将返回第一个绑定的CA证书。
  2. 如果第一个站点没有勾选,效果同第一条相同。

所以最好的解决办法是:所有站点都选择勾选SNI。

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