SpringMVC ajax技术无刷新文件上传下载删除示例

2017-10-12 19:26:31来源:CSDN作者:qq_37677519人点击

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Spring MVC中上传文件实例

SpringMVC结合ajaxfileupload.js实现ajax无刷新文件上传

Spring MVC 文件上传下载 (FileOperateUtil.java 压缩,重命名工具类)

controller代码

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@Controller@RequestMapping(value = "/file")public class FileController extends BaseController {    /**     * 上传文件     *     * @return JSON     * @throws Exception     */    @ResponseBody    @RequestMapping(value = "/upload")    public Message upload(HttpServletRequest request,            HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {        logBefore(logger, "上传文件");        Message message = new Message();        PageData pd = new PageData();        pd = this.getPageData();        // 这里实现文件上传操作用的是commons.io.FileUtils类,它会自动判断/upload是否存在,不存在会自动创建        String realPath = request.getSession().getServletContext() .getRealPath("/upload/file");        logBefore(logger, "realPath: " + realPath);                // 上传文件的原名(即上传前的文件名字)        String originalFilename = null;        // 如果只是上传一个文件,则只需要MultipartFile类型接收文件即可,而且无需显式指定@RequestParam注解        // 如果想上传多个文件,那么这里就要用MultipartFile[]类型来接收文件,并且要指定@RequestParam注解        // 上传多个文件时,前台表单中的所有<input        // type="file"/>的name都应该是file,否则参数里的file无法获取到所有上传的文件        MultipartFile file = FileUpload.getMultipartFileByName(request, "file");        if (file.isEmpty()) {            message.response = ResponseStatus.FAILED.getStatus();            message.message = "请选择文件后上传!";        } else {            originalFilename = file.getOriginalFilename();            logBefore(logger, "文件原名: " + originalFilename);            logBefore(logger, "文件名称: " + file.getName());            logBefore(logger, "文件长度: " + file.getSize());            logBefore(logger, "文件类型: " + file.getContentType());            logBefore(logger, "========================================");            try {                // 这里不必处理IO流关闭的问题,因为FileUtils.copyInputStreamToFile()方法内部会自动把用到的IO流关掉                // 此处也可以使用Spring提供的MultipartFile.transferTo(File dest)方法实现文件的上传                FileUtils.copyInputStreamToFile(file.getInputStream(), new File(realPath, originalFilename));            } catch (IOException e) {                logBefore(logger, "文件[" + originalFilename + "]上传失败,堆栈轨迹如下");                e.printStackTrace();                message.response = ResponseStatus.FAILED.getStatus();                message.message = "出错,服务器繁忙,请稍后再试。";            }        }        //System.out.println(request.getContextPath() + "/upload/" + originalFilename);        message.response = ResponseStatus.SUCCESS.getStatus();        message.message = "上传成功!";        return message;    }    /**     * 单条记录删除     *     * @return JSON     * @throws Exception     */    @ResponseBody    @RequestMapping(value = "/delete")    public Message delete() {        logBefore(logger, "删除文件");        PageData pd = new PageData();        Message message = new Message();        String file_id = (String) pd.get("file_id");        // 获取对应文件名和地址        String filePath = "";        //TODO:删除本地文件,删除数据库记录        try {            pd = this.getPageData();            AccidentService.delete(pd);            message.response = ResponseStatus.SUCCESS.getStatus();            message.message = "删除成功";        } catch (Exception e) {            logger.error(e.toString(), e);            message.response = ResponseStatus.FAILED.getStatus();            message.message = "出错,服务器繁忙,请稍后再试。";        }        return message;    }    /**     * 获取数据列表页     *     * @param page     *            页面请求对象     * @return 跳转页面     */    @RequestMapping(value = "/list")    public ModelAndView list(HttpServletRequest request, Page page) {        logBefore(logger, "列表File");        // if(!Jurisdiction.buttonJurisdiction(menuUrl, "cha")){return null;}        // //校验权限        ModelAndView mv = this.getModelAndView();        PageData pd = new PageData();        //文件储存地址        //String realPath = request.getSession().getServletContext() .getRealPath("/upload/file");        //TODO:获取数据库文件信息        try {            pd = this.getPageData();            mv.setViewName("security/files/file_list");            mv.addObject(Const.SESSION_QX, this.getHC()); // 按钮权限        } catch (Exception e) {            logger.error(e.toString(), e);        }        return mv;    }    /**     * 下载文件     *     * @param page     *            页面请求对象     * @return 跳转页面     * @throws IOException     */    @RequestMapping(value = "/download")    public ResponseEntity<byte[]> download(HttpServletRequest request,            HttpServletResponse response, Page page) throws IOException {        logBefore(logger, "下载File");        PageData pd = new PageData();        String file_id = (String) pd.get("file_id");        // 获取对应文件名和地址        String fileName = "1.1.1关于印发《交运集团2016年安全生产工作意见》的通知.doc";        // fileName = "222";        String filePath = request.getServletContext().getRealPath(                "/upload/file")                + "//1.doc";        logBefore(logger, "fileName: " + fileName);        logBefore(logger, "filePath: " + filePath);        File file = new File(filePath);        try {            fileName = new String(fileName.getBytes("UTF-8"), "iso-8859-1");// 为了解决中文名称乱码问题        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {            e.printStackTrace();        }        // 下载文件        HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();        headers.setContentDispositionFormData("attachment", fileName);        headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_OCTET_STREAM);        try {            return new ResponseEntity<byte[]>(                    FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(file), headers,                    HttpStatus.CREATED);        } catch (IOException e) {            e.printStackTrace();            return null;        }    }}
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其中一个FileUpload类的代码

 

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package com.jiaoyun.util;import java.io.File;import java.io.IOException;import java.io.InputStream;import java.util.ArrayList;import java.util.Iterator;import java.util.List;import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartHttpServletRequest;import org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver;/** * 上传文件 创建人:James 创建时间:2014年12月23日 *  * @version */public class FileUpload {    /**     * @param file     *            //文件对象     * @param filePath     *            //上传路径     * @param fileName     *            //文件名     * @return 文件名     */    public static String fileUp(MultipartFile file, String filePath, String fileName) {        String extName = ""; // 扩展名格式:        try {            if (file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf(".") >= 0) {                extName = file.getOriginalFilename().substring(file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf("."));            }            copyFile(file.getInputStream(), filePath, fileName + extName).replaceAll("-", "");        } catch (IOException e) {            System.out.println(e);        }        return fileName + extName;    }    /**     * 写文件到当前目录的upload目录中     *      * @param in     * @param fileName     * @throws IOException     */    private static String copyFile(InputStream in, String dir, String realName) throws IOException {        File file = new File(dir, realName);        if (!file.exists()) {            if (!file.getParentFile().exists()) {                file.getParentFile().mkdirs();            }            file.createNewFile();        }        System.out.println(file.getAbsolutePath());        FileUtils.copyInputStreamToFile(in, file);        return realName;    }    /**     * @param request     *            //requst请求     * @param filePath     *            //上传路径     * @param fileName     *            //文件名     * @return 文件名     * @throws IOException     * @throws IllegalStateException     */    public static String upload(HttpServletRequest request, String filePath, String fileName)            throws IllegalStateException, IOException {        String extName = ""; // 扩展名格式:        String path = "";        CommonsMultipartResolver multipartResolver = new CommonsMultipartResolver(                request.getSession().getServletContext());        // 判断 request 是否有文件上传,即多部分请求        if (multipartResolver.isMultipart(request)) {            // 转换成多部分request            MultipartHttpServletRequest multiRequest = (MultipartHttpServletRequest) request;            // 取得request中的所有文件名            Iterator<String> iter = multiRequest.getFileNames();            while (iter.hasNext()) {                // 取得上传文件                MultipartFile file = multiRequest.getFile(iter.next());                if (file != null) {                    // 取得当前上传文件的文件名称                    String myFileName = file.getOriginalFilename();                    // 如果名称不为“”,说明该文件存在,否则说明该文件不存在                    if (myFileName.trim() != "") {                        // 重命名上传后的文件名                        if (file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf(".") >= 0) {                            extName = file.getOriginalFilename().substring(file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf("."));                        }                        // 定义上传路径                        path = filePath + "/" + fileName + extName;                        // System.out.println("---------------------");                        // System.out.println(path);                        // System.out.println("---------------------");                        File localFile = new File(path);                        file.transferTo(localFile);                    }                }            }        }        return extName;    }            /**     * @param request     *            //requst请求     * @param filePath     *            //上传路径     * @param fileName     *            //文件名     * @return 文件名     * @throws IOException     * @throws IllegalStateException     */    public static String[] uploadMultiple(HttpServletRequest request, String filePath, String[] fileName)            throws IllegalStateException, IOException {        String[] extName = new String[fileName.length]; // 扩展名格式:        String path = "";        CommonsMultipartResolver multipartResolver = new CommonsMultipartResolver(                request.getSession().getServletContext());        // 判断 request 是否有文件上传,即多部分请求        if (multipartResolver.isMultipart(request)) {            // 转换成多部分request            MultipartHttpServletRequest multiRequest = (MultipartHttpServletRequest) request;            // 取得request中的所有文件名            Iterator<String> iter = multiRequest.getFileNames();            int i = 0;            while (iter.hasNext()) {                // 取得上传文件                MultipartFile file = multiRequest.getFile(iter.next());                if (file != null) {                    // 取得当前上传文件的文件名称                    String myFileName = file.getOriginalFilename();                    // 如果名称不为“”,说明该文件存在,否则说明该文件不存在                    if (myFileName.trim() != "") {                        // 重命名上传后的文件名                        if (file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf(".") >= 0) {                            extName[i] = file.getOriginalFilename()                                    .substring(file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf("."));                        }                        // 定义上传路径                        fileName[i] = fileName[i].replace(extName[i], "");                        path = filePath + "/" + fileName[i] + extName[i];//                        path = fileName[i] + extName[i];                        File localFile = new File(path);                        file.transferTo(localFile);                        System.out.println(localFile.getAbsolutePath());                    }                }                i++;            }        }        return extName;    }    /**     * 从request那里得到所有MultipartFile     */    public static List<MultipartFile> getMultipartFileFromRequest(HttpServletRequest request)            throws IllegalStateException, IOException {                List<MultipartFile> fileList = new ArrayList<MultipartFile>();        CommonsMultipartResolver multipartResolver = new CommonsMultipartResolver(                request.getSession().getServletContext());        // 判断 request 是否有文件上传,即多部分请求        if (multipartResolver.isMultipart(request)) {            // 转换成多部分request            MultipartHttpServletRequest multiRequest = (MultipartHttpServletRequest) request;            // 取得request中的所有文件名            Iterator<String> iter = multiRequest.getFileNames();            while (iter.hasNext()) {                MultipartFile file = multiRequest.getFile(iter.next());                System.out.println(file.getName()+"11111111111");                if (file != null && file.getSize() > 0) {                    fileList.add(file);                }            }        }        return fileList;    }    /**     * @Description:删除文件     */    public static void deleteFile(String bucketName, String key) {        return;    }    public static void deleteFile(String bucketName) {        return;    }        /**     * 从request那里得到所有MultipartFile     */    public static MultipartFile getMultipartFileByName(HttpServletRequest request,String name)            throws Exception {        MultipartFile file=null;        CommonsMultipartResolver multipartResolver = new CommonsMultipartResolver(                request.getSession().getServletContext());        // 判断 request 是否有文件上传,即多部分请求        if (multipartResolver.isMultipart(request)) {            // 转换成多部分request            MultipartHttpServletRequest multiRequest = (MultipartHttpServletRequest) request;            // 取得request中的所有文件名            Iterator<String> iter = multiRequest.getFileNames();            while (iter.hasNext()) {                file = multiRequest.getFile(iter.next());                if (file != null&&file.getName().equals(name)) {                    return file;                }            }        }        return file;    }        /**     * 根据文件得到后缀名     * @param file     * @return     */    public static String getExtNameByString(String file){        String extName="";        if (file.lastIndexOf(".") >= 0){            extName = file.substring(file.lastIndexOf("."));        }        return extName;    }        public static String getExtName(MultipartFile file){        String extName="";        if (file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf(".") >= 0){            extName = file.getOriginalFilename().substring(file.getOriginalFilename().lastIndexOf("."));        }        return extName;    }}
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html前台页面代码

上传按钮

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<a class="btn red btn-circle btn-sm"                        href="javascript:importData('file/upload');"> 上传文件 <i                        class="fa fa-upload"></i>                    </a>                    <script>                                    function importData(url) {                                        dialog =    bootbox.confirm({                                            title : '请选择文件',                                            message : '<form id="uploadFileForm" class="form-horizontal"><input type="file" name="file" value="选择文件" id="uploadFileInput" class="btn sbold green"/></form>',                                            buttons: {                                                confirm: {                                                    label: '上传',                                                    className: 'btn-success'                                                },                                                cancel: {                                                    label: '取消',                                                    className: 'btn-danger'                                                }                                            },                                            callback: function (result) {                                                if(result){                                                    var formData = new FormData($( "#uploadFileForm" )[0]);                                                     $.ajax({                                                        type: "POST",                                                        url: url,                                                          data: formData,                                                        dataType:'json',                                                        async: false,                                                          cache: false,                                                          contentType: false,  //必须false才会自动加上正确的Content-Type                                                        processData: false,  //必须false才会避开jQuery对 formdata 的默认处理                                                        error: function(request) {                                                            bootbox.alert("网络异常");                                                          },                                                        success: function(data){                                                              if (data.response == 'true') {                                                                  bootbox.alert("上传成功!");                                                                $table.bootstrapTable('refresh');                                                                dialog.modal('hide');                                                            } else {                                                                bootbox.alert(data.message);                                                            }                                                        }                                                    });                                                }                                            }                                        });                                     }                                    </script>
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下载按钮

<a class="btn default" id="demo_1"                        href="file/download?file_id=1" target="_blank"> 下载文件 <i                            class="fa fa-download"></i>                    </a>

 

删除按钮

<a class="btn red" id="demo_1" href="file/delete?file_id=1"> 删除文件 <i class="fa fa-remove"></i>                    </a>

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